By Stephen McGreal
The unrestricted U-Boat battle threatened the very survival of england, whose reliance on imported foodstuff and battle fabrics was once her Achilles' Heel. an important component of the German submarine fleet operated from the occupied Belgian ports of Zeebrugge and Ostend. After cautious making plans the Royal army introduced audacious assaults on those ports on St Georges' Day 1918. 5 out of date cruisers and Mersey ferries supported via a flotilla of smaller vessels penetrated the close to impregnable defenses, whereas Royal Marines and naval storming events conflict ashore in a diversionary assault. on the time of the motion the concrete stuffed block ships have been scuttled within the ports' approaches.Despite being a expensive and bloody affair for the individuals, the survivors again to acclaim. The raids gave a fillip to the nationwide morale, at a time of miserable information from front. To underline the luck of the affair a minimum of eleven Victoria Crosses have been offered. studies "...takes you the reader again in time to examine a few terrible occasions that happened at the battlefields of the 1st global War...compelling account of this severe action..." Over front, 09/2009
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Extra resources for Zeebrugge and Ostend Raids 1918: Channel Ports WWI (Battleground Europe Series)
2 ¯ tha¯ rihi,” al-Mashriq 73 (Louvain, 1988), 111; Kh. Samir, “al-Jadı¯d fı¯ Sı¯rat Tha¯ wudu ¯ rus Abı¯ Qurrah wa-A (1999): 418–19. 26 ¯ QURRAH REVISITED THE BIOGRAPHY OF THEODORE ABU Mar Sabas. The contextualization of Abu ¯ Qurrah’s labors is an important project, one that deserves much further research, but this is not a concern here. Instead, I would like to reexamine the proposition that Abu ¯ Qurrah was a Sabaite monk. On what evidence is this proposition based, and is that evidence reliable?
Indeed, he was himself the author of an articulate defense of icons. Perhaps most importantly, his works were extremely innovative in not a few regards: not least their attempt to articulate a new vision of Christian identity using the language and conceptual tools of Muslim theologians. And yet, as researchers have long recognized, Abu ¯ Qurrah did not exist in an intellectual vacuum. He was heir to a long tradition of theological reflection. Researchers have given, accordingly, much attention to the task of contextualizing Abu ¯ Qurrah’s labors.
Osborne, “Atrium,” 207 with note 94. 104 The pope’s nocturnal visits may well have included diaconiae: it even seems more appropriate that Paul’s visitation should have taken place within a semi-ecclesiastical institution rather than in some kind of private habitation. There can be no doubt that the design of this image, as has been shown for other frescoed niches in S. Maria Antiqua, goes back to an older model. Once again, this has to be a famous icon which was copied into the niche in order to accompany the venerated relics kept in the sepulcrum beneath.
Zeebrugge and Ostend Raids 1918: Channel Ports WWI (Battleground Europe Series) by Stephen McGreal