By Charles Livingston
Operating With Numbers and statistics: A guide for reporters is designed to strengthen the newshounds' math abilities and in flip enhance math self assurance. Authors Charles Livingston and Paul Voakes built this source e-book with the target of enhancing journalistic writing and reporting, through allowing reporters to:
* make exact, trustworthy computations, which in flip allows one to make appropriate comparisons, positioned evidence into point of view, and lend vital context to tales; * realize faulty shows, even if willfully spun or simply carelessly relayed; * ask acceptable questions on numerical issues; * translate complex numbers for audience and readers in methods they could without difficulty comprehend; * comprehend computer-assisted reporting; and * write livelier, extra certain items by utilizing numbers.
This source publication begins with math fundamentals, together with descriptive statistics--the mathematical strategies humans use to summarize tremendous quantities of information. The textual content then covers inferential statistics--the systems humans use to attract conclusions from the preliminary statistical findings. on the finish of each part, the maths is gifted in a extra journalistic context so newshounds can see how the strategies usually tend to come into play of their paintings.
Working With Numbers and data is designed as a reference paintings for journalism scholars constructing their writing and reporting abilities, and also will serve execs good to enhance their figuring out and use of numbers in information tales.
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Extra info for Working with Numbers and Statistics: A Handbook for Journalists
As with all reporting of budgets and business, be mindful of changes over time. The earnings-pershare ratio means little in isolation, but if that ratio has been increasing in each of the last four years, then the company is indeed improving. But beware again: The "net income per share" is usually the only figure on the page that is not "in thousands of dollars," but simply in the amounted actually stated. News from The Stock Market Obviously, the travails of the stock market affect business reporting regularly.
But it's not always the simplest document to decipher, as each organization uses its own jargon and shorthand to describe its earning and spending categories. The key to understanding and reporting budgets, however, is context. The numbers will mean little to readers or viewers without a comparison to other budgets, so the first order of business is often to obtain the organization's budgets from the previous year (or years), to determine whether certain departments or activities will be spending more, or spending less, or will be eliminated (or whether new spending activities are being created).
CONVERSION FACTORS * culate detailed amounts for a result you'll be putting in your story, don't round off those amounts at all. The more you round off during calculation, the greater the chance of a gross "rounding error" in your final result. 9. Conversion Factors The Internet now offers web pages, easily found with a search engine, to assist you in converting from one unit of measurement to another. Here we present some of the most common conversion factors. The following lists gives the factors which you use to convert from one common unit of measurement to another.
Working with Numbers and Statistics: A Handbook for Journalists by Charles Livingston