By Wesley Frank Craven; James Lea Cate
IN March 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt wrote to the Director of the Bureau of the finances ordering each one conflict company to organize "an actual and aim account"of that agency's warfare event. quickly after, the military Air Forces all started hiring specialist historians in order that its heritage might "be recorded whereas it's scorching and that team of workers be chosen and an corporation organize for a transparent historian's activity with no awl to grind or security to prepare." An ancient department used to be proven in Headquarters military Air Forces less than Air Intelligence, in September 1942, and the trendy Air strength old software all started. With the top of the conflict, Headquarters licensed a plan for writing and publishing a seven-volume heritage. In December 1945, Lieutenant normal Ira C. Eaker, Deputy Commander of military Air Forces, requested the Chancellor of the college of Chicago to "assume the accountability for the e-book" of the background, stressing that it needs to "meet the top educational standards." Lieutenant Colonel Wesley Frank Craven of latest York college and significant James Lea Cate of the college of Chicago, either one of whom have been assigned to the historic software, have been chosen to be editors of the volumes. among 1948 and 1958 seven have been released. With book of the final, the editors wrote that the Air strength had "fulfilled in letter and spirit" the promise of entry to files and whole freedom of historic interpretation. like any background, the military Air Forces in international warfare II displays the period whilst it was once conceived, researched, and written. notwithstanding, those books met the top of up to date specialist criteria of caliber and comprehensiveness. They include details and event which are of serious worth to the Air strength this day and to the general public. jointly they're the single complete dialogue of military Air Forces task within the greatest air struggle this kingdom has ever waged. RICHARD H. KOHN leader, workplace of Air strength historical past
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Additional info for USAAF During WWII Volume 2 - Europe Torch to Pointblank Aug 1942-Dec 1943 AFD-101105-006
The matter was finally left up to Eisenhower as T O R C H commander; the 33d went to Casablanca. At the same time he stressed that P-40’s were urgently needed in Egypt, and the War Department, taking the same view, set up the 79th Group as a r e p l a ~ e m e n t . ~ ~ The initial reinforcements promised by the Arnold-Portal-Towers agreement, however, had moved quickly to the Middle East. The aircraft of the 57th Fighter Group-of which Lt. Col. Frank H. , was commander-left Quonset, Rhode Island, aboard the Ranger on I July; when the carrier was within IOO miles of Africa the P-40’s were flown off to begin their journey over the ferry route.
One B-24 failed to return from a mission on the night of 29/30 June, during which an enemy night fighter appeared, but no connection was established between these events and the crewmen were simply put down as missing. 43 The immediate threat to Egypt subsided in a series of stubborn battles on the Alamein line in which the initiative gradually passed to the Eighth Army. T h e Axis units had been pushed to the limit of endurance in their career into Egypt, while the Eighth Army had fallen back on strength.
64 A feature of the eight-day battle was the nonstop effort put forth by the RAF, which had switched its Wellingtons from attacks on ports to battlefield bombing. T h e total of Allied bombs dropped ran to 868 tons; over 3,500 sorties were carried out, to which the 12th and 57th Groups contributed 48 and “over 150,” respectively. Coningham’s fighters, moreover, finally destroyed the fearsome reputation of the Stuka, the Ju-87’s jettisoning their bombs when the Allied pursuit approached. Despite 3 vastly larger number of bomber sorties, the RAF lost only seven bombers, the G A F and IAF, twenty-six.
USAAF During WWII Volume 2 - Europe Torch to Pointblank Aug 1942-Dec 1943 AFD-101105-006 by Wesley Frank Craven; James Lea Cate