By James F. McGlew
Resistance to the tyrant used to be an important degree within the improvement of the Greek city-state. during this richly insightful ebook, James F. McGlew examines the importance of alterations within the Greek political vocabulary that took place as a result of background of historic tyrants. Surveying an unlimited diversity of historic and literary resources, McGlew appears to be like heavily at discourse relating Greek tyranny in addition to on the nature of the tyrants' strength and the restrictions on strength implicit in that discourse. Archaic tyrants, he indicates, generally represented themselves as brokers of justice. Taking their self-representation now not as an ideological veil concealing the character of tyranny yet as its conceptual definition, he makes an attempt to teach that, even if the language of reform gave tyrants unheard of political freedom, it additionally marked their powers as transitority. Tyranny took form, McGlew keeps, via discursive complicity among the tyrant and his topics, who possibly permitted his self-definition but in addition realized from him the language and strategies of resistance. The tyrant's topics realized to withstand him as they discovered to obey him, but if they rejected him they did so in this kind of method as to maintain for themselves the designated political freedoms that he loved. delivering a brand new framework for realizing historical tyranny, this booklet should be learn with nice curiosity by way of classicists, political scientists, and old and smooth historians alike.
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Additional info for Tyranny and Political Culture in Ancient Greece
25 Significantly, while the fiction underlying the epitaph implies that Syrian, Phoenician, and Greek travellers actually pass by Meleager’s tomb on Kos, the poet also envisions a dissemination of his texts beyond the tombstone. In Anth. Pal. 7 he says that he wrote the epigram’s words on tablets (ἐν δέλτοισι) before his burial, which allows us to picture their ‘after-tablet life’ in two parallel media: inscribed upon his grave, and written on papyrus. Commonly the δέλτος served as a medium for poetic sketches, before the text’s final version was transferred to the papyrus scroll in which it would then circulate (recall, for instance, the scene in Kallimachos’s Aitia where the young author puts writing tablets on his knees, as he is about to start composing poetry, Ait.
224, et passim). Next comes food: in lines 2–4 Hermeias attacks their gluttony – another traditional theme. Already in archaic poetry Hesiod’s bantering Muses insulted herdsmen as ‘mere bellies’ (Theog. 26). Hipponax, too (fr. 128 W), derides an enemy for eating οὐ κατὰ κόσμον, sucking down food like Charybdis, without even bothering to cut it (τὴν ποντοχάρυβδιν, /τὴν ἐγγαστριμάχαιραν, line 1–2). And similarly, Archilochos (fr. ). Not surprisingly, the verb ‘to gulp down’ in line 4 of Hermeias (καταρροφέω) appears already in Hipponax, in the simplex form ῥυφεῖν (fr.
27). There, Hipponax compares himself to a sacrificer, and the crowd of Alexandrian scholars to Delphians coming from the sacrifice; the latter make off with all the meat, leaving nothing at all for him. The Scholia Florentina explain this verse by referring to the story of another master of invective, Aesop. He is said to have criticized the Delphians for their greed in snatching all the sacrificial meat, and for his pains was chased over a cliff and to his death (cf. Schol. Flor. ad Kall. fr.
Tyranny and Political Culture in Ancient Greece by James F. McGlew