By David J. Telfer, Richard Sharpley
This article explores the position of tourism as a possible contibutor to socio-economic improvement in vacation spot components. developing a hyperlink among tourism reviews and improvement experiences, it considers what's intended by means of ''development'', the approaches in which improvement could be completed and, particularly, a couple of primary concerns concerning using tourism as a improvement agent. In so doing, it demanding situations traditional considering the connection among tourism and improvement.
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Extra resources for Tourism & Development: Concepts & Issues
The second Earth Summit (Rio +5) held five years later noted the increasing reliance some developing countries place on tourism and the need to plan appropriately (Holden, 2000). The Rio + 10 Conference is scheduled for 2002 in South Africa. As a reflection of the changes noted here, not only has the meaning of development altered over time but the way in which development is measured has also changed. The traditional measures of the quality of life, such as per capita income or GNP, have been eclipsed by other more recent measurements such as the Human Development Index (socioeconomic), the Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare (environmental – Daly & Cobb, 1989), and political and civil liberty indices (Dasgupta & Weale, 1992; Brown, 1992).
The traditional measures of the quality of life, such as per capita income or GNP, have been eclipsed by other more recent measurements such as the Human Development Index (socioeconomic), the Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare (environmental – Daly & Cobb, 1989), and political and civil liberty indices (Dasgupta & Weale, 1992; Brown, 1992). It is not the intention here to develop a new definition of development but rather to recognise the expanding scope of the term. As Hettne (1995) suggests, there can be no final definition of development, only suggestions of what development should imply in particular contexts.
The international division of labour is then analysed in terms of centre and periphery regions with surpluses in the economy moving from the periphery to the centre. With the surpluses moving from the periphery to the centre, development occurred in the centre while simultaneously, underdevelopment was occurring in the periphery. With the periphery doomed to underdevelopment due to its linkages with the centre, it was necessary for a developing nation to ‘disassociate itself from the world market, to break the chains of surplus extraction and to strive for national self reliance’ (Hettne, 1995: 97).
Tourism & Development: Concepts & Issues by David J. Telfer, Richard Sharpley