By Andreĭ Valʹterovich Grinev
The Tlingits, the biggest Indian team in Alaska, have lived in Alaska's coastal southwestern zone for hundreds of years and primary met non-Natives in 1741 in the course of an come across with the team of the Russian explorer Alexei Chirikov. The unstable and intricate connections among the Tlingits and their Russian acquaintances, in addition to British and American voyagers and investors, are the topic of this vintage paintings, first released in Russian and now revised and up to date for this English-language variation. Andrei Val’terovich Grinev bases his account on thousands of files from documents in Russia and the U.S.; he additionally will depend on legit reviews, the notes of tourists, the investigations of historians and ethnographers, museum collections, atlases, illustrations, and photographs. Grinev outlines an image of conventional Tlingit society prior to touch with Europeans after which analyzes interactions among the Tlingit humans and rookies. He examines the adjustments that came about within the Tlingits' conventional fabric and religious tradition, in addition to army affairs, in the course of the Russian-American interval. He additionally considers the dynamics of the Tlingits' inhabitants, the rise in interethnic marriage, their relationships with ecu immigrants, and their ethnology. (20070321)
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Extra resources for The Tlingit Indians in Russian America, 1741-1867
In murky damp forests animals are found in abundance: deer, bears, wolves, mountain sheep, otters, and so on. Birds include ravens, bald eagles, gulls, ducks, geese, and in summer even hummingbirds. The sea along the coast is rich in a variety of ﬁsh and sea mammals: seals, sea otters, whales, and others. From March to October numerous schools of valuable ﬁsh—herring, candle ﬁsh (eulachon), and salmon—go into the coastal waters and rivers of Alaska to spawn. The rich ecological resources were an important factor in the relatively high degree of development of Tlingit society.
The kwáans differed both in territorial dimensions and by the number of inhabitants (from several hundred to several thousand). The most densely populated were evidently the Chilkat, Sitka, and Stikine (Stakin) kwáans. Family connections among the Tlingit still dominated the territorial ones. Territorial unity was weakly realized by the Indians. Only sometimes, usually when repelling external threat, did unity occur among members of different clans living in settlements of one kwáan. With regard to number, the Tlingit tribe was one of the largest on the Northwest Coast, and within the realm of Russian America it was the largest , (14 Indian tribe.
Inherent in Tlingit society were only its own ethnic features: commonality of territory, language (with insigniﬁcant dialectical differences), mythology (epic about Raven), ceremonies, and ethnic self-awareness (this was reﬂected in the general autonym “Tlingit”). From the ethnographic point of view, four main groups could be distinguished in the Tlingit tribe: the southern (coastal) Tlingit belonged to one, the northern (coastal) to the second, the Tlingit of the Gulf of Alaska to the third, and the last group comprised the interior mainland Tlingit (De Laguna 1972:1:15).
The Tlingit Indians in Russian America, 1741-1867 by Andreĭ Valʹterovich Grinev