By Jan Terje Faarlund
This ebook bargains the 1st account of outdated Norse syntax for nearly 100 years and the 1st ever in a non-Scandinavian language. The language of the Vikings and of the outdated Icelandic sagas is the simplest documented medieval Germanic language and the writer is ready to current a complete research of its syntax and overviews of its phonology and morphology. He helps his analyses with examples taken from Norwegian and Icelandic manuscript versions. Professor Faarlund's procedure is descriptive, in a generative framework with at the very least technical element. He features a whole bibliography of previous Norse syntax.The booklet is meant for complicated scholars and students of historic linguistics, Germanic and Scandinavian languages, Norse philology, and all others with a major curiosity in Nordic languages, civilizations, and heritage.
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Extra resources for The Syntax of Old Norse: With a survey of the inflectional morphology and a complete bibliography
Below is the complete paradigm for helgr ‘holiday’. G gýgjar ‘troll woman’. The noun mær ‘girl’ has a stem in -j, and is otherwise irregular in the singular: N mær – A mær – D mey(ju) – G meyjar. The a2-class has u-umlaut of an underlying a in the root, except in the genitive. There are no endings in the nominative, accusative or dative. Below is a complete paradigm for mon ‘mane’. N A D G Singular Plural mon mon mon manar manar manar monum mana This subclass also includes feminine nouns derived by the sufﬁxes -ing/ung.
1) c. 13) One important function of the genitive is to mark a speciﬁer or a complement of a noun (cf. 2). (6) a. 14) b. 10) Some of the uses of the genitive are clearly partitive in meaning. This is seen most clearly in expressions like the following: (7) a. 10) b. , 20 The Syntax of Old Norse as in (5a) and the following: (8) a. 14) b. 20) Most uses of the genitive therefore seem to derive from a core partitive meaning. 2 Grammatical features So far, each of the four cases in Old Norse has been given a brief syntactic and semantic description.
Both’ N A D G ‘two’ Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter báðir báða báðum beggja báðar báðar báðum beggja bæði bæði báðum beggja tveir tvá tveim tveggja tvær tvær tveim tveggja tvau tvau tveim tveggja ‘three’ N A D G ‘four’ Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter þrír þrjá þrím þriggja þrjár þrjár þrím þriggja þrjú þrjú þrím þriggja fjórir fjóra fjórum fjogurra fjórar fjórar fjórum fjogurra fjogur fjogur fjórum fjogurra The dative of ‘three’ may also have the form þrímr.
The Syntax of Old Norse: With a survey of the inflectional morphology and a complete bibliography by Jan Terje Faarlund