New PDF release: The reminiscences of George Strother Gaines: pioneer and

By George Strother Gaines

ISBN-10: 0817308970

ISBN-13: 9780817308971

This primary book-length, annotated variation of Gaines' memories presents a desirable glimpse into the early historical past of the Mississippi-Alabama Territory and antebellum Alabama.The sections of the memories of George Strother Gaines shape probably the most vital fundamental resources at the early background of Alabama and Mississippi. The memories hide the years 1805 to 1843, in which time Gaines served as assistant issue after which issue of the Choctaw buying and selling apartment (1805-18), cashier of Tombeckbee financial institution in St. Stephens (1818-22), a service provider in Demopolis (1822-32), and eventually a banker and service provider in cellular (1832-43). furthermore, Gaines performed a key position in Indian-white relatives in the course of the Creek battle of 1813-14, served a two-year time period within the Alabama Senate (1825-27), led a Choctaw exploring occasion to the recent Choctaw lands within the West following the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek (1830-31), and served because the superintendent for Choctaw removing (1831-32).Gaines dictated his memories in 1871 on the age of eighty-seven. a part of the recollections, known as the "first series," was once initially released in 5 problems with the cellular check in in June-July 1872 as "Notes at the Early Days of South Alabama." approximately a century later, the 1st sequence and the formerly unpublished moment sequence, "Reminiscences of Early instances in Mississippi Territory," have been released in a 1964 factor of the Alabama old Quarterly as "Gaines' Reminiscences."In this primary book-length version of the memories, James Pate has supplied an intensive biographical advent, notes, illustrations, maps, and appendixes to assist the final reader and the coed. The appendixes contain extra unpublished fundamental materials-including interviews performed via Albert James Pickett in 1847 and 1848 that supply extra information regarding this crucial early pioneer and statesman. 

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Two boatloads of cargo arrived on 22 February, and near the end of March, Gaines returned to St. " The same spring Gaines directed the construction of two barges or keelboats, the Young Chaktaw and the General Pushmataha, which hauled supplies and cargo between the factory and Mobile. The factory barges were well equipped with "oars, socket poles, hooks and jams" to move up and down the Tombigbee. While construction of or repairs to the factory barges and buildings continued through 1817, Gaines' new Choctaw Trading House quickly became a center of economic and social activity.

Finally in August 1831, Gaines received a letter from George Gibson, commissary general of subsistence, formally appointing Gaines ''superintendent of the subsistence and removal of Indians" and giving Gaines, a civilian, complete authority and control over the removal of the Choctaw. 31 By early September, Gaines had appointed a number of assistants to organize the Choctaw removal east of the Mississippi. Based on Armstrong's 1831 Choctaw census, which numbered 17,963 Indians, 151 whites, and 521 slaves, the federal government expected Gaines to remove approximately one-third of the Nation in 1831.

Stephens. Despite the dangers of a flooded river and the growing hostility of the Creeks, Gaines' crew and cargo arrived safely. On several occasions prior to the American seizure of Mobile by General James Wilkinson in 1813, Gaines used the road to Pitchlynn's, the Tombigbee River route, and the overland route to Natchez to move supplies. 11 Despite the demands of public service and the business problems associated with the trading house, Gaines found time to court and marry a distant cousin, Ann Gaines, in 1812.

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The reminiscences of George Strother Gaines: pioneer and statesman of early Alabama and Mississippi, 1805-1843 by George Strother Gaines

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