By Bruce Mannheim, Gerrit Huizer
A suite of papers awarded on the IXth overseas Congress of Anthropological
and Ethnological Sciences held in Chicago in 1973, with seminal contributions by means of Talal Asad et al.
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Extra resources for The Politics of Anthropology: From Colonialism and Sexism Toward a View from Below (World Anthropology)
Little systematic attention has been given to the ways people react to their being subjected to research, but a bit is known about such reactions of people in our own culture. In one study a reaction of rejection, passivity, or withdrawal was noted for subjects of research techniques (mostly university students): The subjects may adapt by becoming dependant. They may also fight the research by actively rejecting a positive contributive role or by covertly withdrawing this involvement and thereby provide minimally useful data.
This is in the first place the academic community. The place of the university, and the ideologies which it represents as an expression of the broader political economic structure, should be particularly scrutinized. As noted above, this structure is generally taken for granted, which resulted in the fact noted by Ralph Beals (1969:6) that social scientists are often "extraordinarily naive" about their own role in society as influenced or dominated by the forces of this broader power structure.
Not only does this latter approach appear somewhat degrading to the people investigated, but also to the researchers themselves. Do they have to protect their (quasi) impartiality so strongly that they cannot possibly put their findings to the test of publicity among those directly concerned? One of the most obvious benefits of such a test could be the pointing out of things not looked at, omitted, (un)consciously neglected, etc. Neglect of essential — often problematical — aspects of the social life of other people is noted in this book by various authors as one of the common fallacies of anthropologists.
The Politics of Anthropology: From Colonialism and Sexism Toward a View from Below (World Anthropology) by Bruce Mannheim, Gerrit Huizer