Editor note: Esther Eidinow (Assistant Editor)
What did the traditional Greeks devour and drink? What position did migration play? Why was once emperor Nero well-liked by the standard humans yet much less so with the higher periods? Why (according to historical authors) was once Oedipus ('with swollen foot') so known as?
For over 2,000 years the civilizations of historical Greece and Rome have captivated our collective mind's eye and supplied idea for therefore many features of our lives, from tradition, literature, drama, cinema, and tv to society, schooling, and politics. a number of the roots of ways existence is lived within the West this day may be traced to the traditional civilizations, not just in politics, legislations, expertise, philosophy, and technological know-how, but additionally in social and kinfolk existence, language, and paintings.
This authoritative A to Z advisor good points over seven-hundred entries on all facets of lifestyles in old Greece and Rome. appealing illustrations, jargon-free entries, and an invaluable chronology and bibliography make this spouse the appropriate advisor for readers attracted to studying extra concerning the Graeco-Roman international. in addition to offering sound details on all features of classical civilization similar to historical past, politics, ethics, morals, legislations, society, faith, mythology, technological know-how and know-how, language, literature, artwork, and scholarship, the entries within the spouse mirror the altering interdisciplinary points of classical experiences, overlaying huge thematic topics, reminiscent of race, nationalism, gender, ethics, and ecology, confirming the influence classical civilizations have had at the sleek international.
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Additional resources for The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2nd Edition)
The adoptee took the adopter’s name and rank and acquired rights of succession in his new family, losing those held in the old family. ‘Adoption imitates nature’ (Inst. Iust. 1. 11. 4), so an adoptive relationship barred marriage and the adopter had to be older than the adoptee (a rule allegedly flouted by the adoption of Publius *Clodius Pulcher). Bachelors and men physically incapable of reproduction (except if they had been castrated) could adopt. Adoption could be reversed by emancipation. Adoption (of both kinds), since it created paternal power and continued the agnatic family, was originally the prerogative of men only.
After composing the first half of Agamemnon entirely in his old style (with no actor–actor dialogue whatever), he centres the play on a verbal trial of strength between *Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, meanwhile keeping Cassandra long silent and then making her narrate Agamemnon’s death prophetically before it happens. The house and its entrance are firmly controlled throughout by the ‘watchdog’ Clytemnestra. In the second half of Choephori the action increasingly accelerates as the climax approaches, and then abruptly slows as Clytemnestra for a time staves off her doom with brilliant verbal fencing.
14–22). But what makes Achilles remarkable is the way in which his extreme expression of the ‘heroic code’ is combined with a unique degree of insight and self-knowledge. Unlike Hector, for instance, Achilles knows well that he is soon to die. In his great speech at Il. 9. 308–429 he calls the entire code into question, saying that he would rather live quietly at home than pursue glory in the Trojan War; but it is his ‘heroic’ rage against Agamemnon that has brought him to this point. In his encounter with Lycaon at Il.
The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2nd Edition)