By Robert I. Frost
This e-book offers an obtainable examine of the missed yet hugely very important sequence of wars fought for keep an eye on of the Baltic and Northeastern Europe in the course of the interval 1558-1721. it's the first complete background which considers the revolution in army method which came about within the battlefields of jap Europe. Robert Frost examines the impression of battle at the very diverse social and political structures of Sweden, Denmark, Poland-Lithuania and Russia and he explains why it was once Russia that emerged successful from those wars. in response to large basic and secondary study (including a lot fabric that's unusual in English) this ebook makes an immense contribution to the talk on army switch and political improvement in early sleek Europe.
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Extra resources for The Northern Wars: War, State and Society in Northeastern Europe, 1558-1721
Although strength was sacrificed for weight - lances f r e q u e n d y shattered on contact - this did not matter. '^' T h e hussar was by no m e a n s helpless once his lance h a d shattered. H e was also a r m e d with a koncerz - a straight, pointed sword, rather like a rapier, but rigid a n d m u c h longer; this was used as a kind of lance, held out a n d braced in front of the trooper. Each hussar also w i e l d e d a curved sabre with which they inflicted devastating slashing wounds, especially on unprotected infantry.
Whereas in Sweden the achievement of independence and the requirements of maintaining it had allowed Gustav V a s a to secure recognition of the Swedish monarchy as hereditaiy in 1544, the Danish monarchy remained elective.
T h e campaign was accompanied by substantial devastadon, but concern about the southern front meant that for the rest of 1573 and into 1574, Ivan was content to defend his positions against an aborti\'e Swedish attempt to besiege Wesenberg; only in 1575 did the tempo pick up. The Muscovites again appeared under the walls of Reval, although there was no attempt to besiege it; instead, a Muscovite force captured Pernau from the Poles in J u l y . Further Muscovite devastadon in 1576 was followed by the most substandal campaign of the war.
The Northern Wars: War, State and Society in Northeastern Europe, 1558-1721 by Robert I. Frost