By David Luscombe, Jonathan Riley-Smith
The second one a part of the quantity is set the process events--ecclesiastical and secular--with regard to the papacy, the western empire (mainly Germany), Italy, France, Spain, the British Isles, Scandinavia, Hungary, Poland, the Byzantine empire and the settlements in Palestine and Syria confirmed by way of the crusades and their Muslim friends.
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The second one a part of the quantity is ready the process events--ecclesiastical and secular--with regard to the papacy, the western empire (mainly Germany), Italy, France, Spain, the British Isles, Scandinavia, Hungary, Poland, the Byzantine empire and the settlements in Palestine and Syria proven via the crusades and their Muslim acquaintances.
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Additional resources for The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume 4, c.1024-c.1198, Part 2
One example is the abduction of Gregory VII in 1075 by Cencius Stephani (Bonizo of Sutri, ‘Liber ad amicum’, pp. 606, 610–11) and another the revolt of 1116/17 against Paschal II (Liber pontificalis, ii, pp. 302, 303). See Partner (1972), pp. 152ff. Jordan (1947), pp. 116–18. Schramm (1929), pp. 199–218; Elze (1952), pp. 29–33, arguing persuasively for c. 962 as a possibility. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 18 uta-renate blumenthal left by the attempts of the Tusculan popes to strengthen the papacy.
From 1063 the acolyte Peter occupied the position until 1084, when he deserted the cause of Pope Gregory VII and went over to Antipope Clement III. Famous is the long tenure of the chancellor John of Gaeta who took over in 1088 and remained until 1118, when he was elected pope as Gelasius II. John of Gaeta had been a monk at Monte Cassino where he had studied under the rhetorician Alberic. 32 However, despite the continuity of leadership in the papal chancery, located in the Lateran palace, the church reform of the eleventh century meant numerous changes in its personnel and, most visibly, in its products, primarily papal letters and privileges, although the chancery also maintained official registers.
Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 The papacy, 1024–1122 21 them. Urban, therefore, could begin with a clean slate and transfer the camera, the financial institution which had proven its value at the Burgundian abbey of Cluny, to Rome without being hamstrung by ancient traditions there or consideration of the claims of the old bureaucracy. Indeed, other monasteries north of the Alps also used a camera to keep their financial affairs in order,38 but it can hardly be doubted that Urban, formerly prior at Cluny, was influenced by the very institution which he had come to know and appreciate as a monk, especially since his first treasurer, the camerarius Peter, was also a monk from Cluny.
The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume 4, c.1024-c.1198, Part 2 by David Luscombe, Jonathan Riley-Smith