By David Luscombe, Jonathan Riley-Smith
The second one a part of the quantity is ready the process events--ecclesiastical and secular--with regard to the papacy, the western empire (mainly Germany), Italy, France, Spain, the British Isles, Scandinavia, Hungary, Poland, the Byzantine empire and the settlements in Palestine and Syria confirmed through the crusades and their Muslim acquaintances.
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The second one a part of the amount is ready the process events--ecclesiastical and secular--with regard to the papacy, the western empire (mainly Germany), Italy, France, Spain, the British Isles, Scandinavia, Hungary, Poland, the Byzantine empire and the settlements in Palestine and Syria verified via the crusades and their Muslim associates.
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Extra info for The New Cambridge Medieval History, Vol. 4: c. 1024-c. 1198 (Part 2)
Through ecclesiastical censure and rule. Ave, Pater papa mirabilis . . 80 The general enthusiasm for reform measures promulgated by the popes begining with Leo IX on occasions such as synods is one of the distinguishing characteristics of the papal councils of the second half of the eleventh century. 75 76 77 79 MGH Constitutiones, i, no. 34, pp. 70–7, at p. , p. ’ 78 Kempf (1969), pp. 194–7; Becker (1955). , cc. 4, 6 and 7. 80 See n. 75 above. PL 143, cols. 797–800, at col. 797. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 The papacy, 1024–1122 29 The other is the vastly expanded exercise of papal jurisdiction over clergy and laity, including kings and emperors,81 at both papal and legatine synods.
1 for Rocca Antica; Vehse (1929–30), pp. 172–5, appendices 1 and 2 for Montasola. Liber censuum, i, p. 407, no. , 2, p. 95 = x. 54; Regesta pontificum Romanorum: Italia pontificia ii, p. 109, no 1; Jordan (1932), pp. 49ff. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 The papacy, 1024–1122 23 had conquered the castellum Ninfa south of Rome in the diocese of Velletri around 1108. Its inhabitants had to swear fealty to St Peter and the Lord Pope Paschal as well as to his rightful successors; they had to render military service, owed suit at the papal court, and aid (servitutem).
56. Deusdedit, Kanonessammlung, iii. 271. Robinson (1990), pp. 281–3; Pfaff (1953), p. 114. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 24 uta-renate blumenthal as the late eleventh century. 50 l egates a n d co un c i l s Legates From a very early period the popes were more than just bishops of Rome. Their position of leadership in the rest of Christendom, with regard to jurisdiction going back to the council of Sardica (343) which allowed deposed bishops and other clergy to appeal to the Roman see,51 brought with it the frequent use of emissaries or legates as papal representatives, for instance at ecumenical councils.
The New Cambridge Medieval History, Vol. 4: c. 1024-c. 1198 (Part 2) by David Luscombe, Jonathan Riley-Smith