By Rosamond McKitterick
This quantity of the hot Cambridge Medieval historical past covers many of the interval of Frankish and Carolingian dominance in western Europe. It was once one in every of striking political and cultural coherence, mixed with an important, very various and formative advancements in each sphere of existence. Adopting an interdisciplinary process, the authors study the interplay among rulers and governed, how strength and authority truly labored, and the society and tradition of Europe as an entire. the amount is split into 4 elements. half I encompasses the occasions and political advancements within the complete of the British Isles, the west and east Frankish kingdoms, Scandinavia, the Slavic and Balkan areas, Spain, Italy, and people points of Byzantine and Muslim historical past which impinged at the west among c. seven-hundred and c. 900. elements II, III and IV hide subject matters and issues relating church and society, and cultural and highbrow advancements.
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Additional resources for The New Cambridge Medieval History, Vol. 2: c. 700-c. 900
116. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 Introduction: sources and interpretation 7 oaths, celebratory recitations, or those that have no written expression, as in gift-giving, banquets, dances or mime where in some cases written descriptions are provided of actions accompanied by formulaic spoken language? The literate modes we are able to examine in our sources may or may not have oral associations or an oral counterpart. Occasionally we can observe the efforts of scribes to present texts in such a way as to suggest that they were designing the text for public reading out loud.
155—89 and 267-32J. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 England, 700-900 21 different power. It is arguable, moreover, that the sources which do survive are capable of obscuring the real differences which might have existed between the kingdoms, and which might help to account for their respective fortunes in the eighth and ninth centuries. Bede himself was not concerned to dwell on the finer points of secular affairs, and doubtless conceals a rich variety of royal and social behaviour beneath his chosen examples; similarly, the various ecclesiastics who drafted charters in different parts of the country were liable to cast the actions of kings in deceptively uniform ways, just as moneyers would strike the same types of coin in the names of kings who were themselves quite different from each other.
For discussion, see Stenton (1971), pp. 295-7; Russell (1947); Hart (1971); Davies and Vierck (1974); Sawyer (1978), pp. 110—13; Campbell (1982), pp. 59—61; Loyn (1984), pp. 34-9; Brooks (1989), pp. 159-61. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 100 miles Jarrow Uonkwearmouth Repton MIDDLE Peterborough ANG~LES Tamworth. 000 hides), the Hendrica (3 500 hides) and the Unecungga (1200 hides) cannot be so easily identified. The remaining sixteen entries in this part of the survey relate to relatively small territories assessed at 300 or 600 hides apiece, comprising the lands of the Elmedseetna ('Elmet-dwellers', to the east of Leeds), the Sutb Gyrwa and the North Gyrwa (in the fenland around Peterborough), the East Wixna and the West Wixna, the Spalda (around Spalding in Lincolnshire), the Sweordora (around 'Sword Point' in Whittlesea Mere, Cambridgeshire), the Gifla (of the Ivel valley, Bedfordshire), the Hicca (around Hitchen in Hertfordshire), the Wihtgara, the Arosaitna (by the river Arrow, Warwickshire), the Farpinga (in the land of the Middle Angles), the Bilmiga, the Widerigga (around Wittering in Northamptonshire), and the East Willa and the West Willa; needless to say, the identification of many of these mysterious peoples can be no more than a matter of informed speculation, or wishful thought.
The New Cambridge Medieval History, Vol. 2: c. 700-c. 900 by Rosamond McKitterick