The Greek Praise of Poverty: The Origins Of Ancient Cynicism by William D. Desmond PDF

By William D. Desmond

ISBN-10: 0268025819

ISBN-13: 9780268025816

"Rich in new and stimulating principles, and in accordance with the breadth of examining and intensity of data which its wide-ranging subject material calls for, The Greek compliment of Poverty argues impressively and cogently for a relocation of Cynic philosophy into the mainstream of Greek rules on fabric prosperity, paintings, happiness, and power." —A. Thomas Cole, Professor Emeritus of Classics, Yale college "This transparent, well-written publication deals students and scholars an available account of the philosophy of Cynicism, relatively with reference to the Cynics' attachment to a lifetime of poverty and their disdain for wealth. i've got actually profited from examining William Desmond’s book." —Luis Navia, ny Institute of expertise William Desmond, taking factor with average checks of the traditional Cynics, contends that figures similar to Antisthenes and Diogenes weren't cultural outcasts or marginal voices within the classical tradition of the 5th and fourth centuries B.C. really, the Cynic circulation had deep and important roots in what Desmond calls "the Greek compliment of poverty." Desmond demonstrates that classical attitudes towards wealth have been complicated and ambivalent, and allowed for an implicit compliment of poverty and the virtues it could possibly motivate. From an fiscal and political standpoint, the negative majority at Athens and somewhere else have been average democrats who distrusted nice concentrations of wealth as possibly oligarchical or tyrannical. as a result, the terrible should be praised in modern literature for his or her undefined, honesty, frugality, and temperance. the wealthy, however, have been usually criticized as idle, unjust, conceited, and profligate. those views have been strengthened via commonplace Greek reviews of struggle, and the idea that poverty fostered the virtues of braveness and persistence. eventually, from an early date, Greek philosophers linked knowledge with the transcendence of feel adventure and of such worldly values as wealth and honor. The Cynics, Desmond asserts, assimilated all of those rules in developing their precise and radical model of asceticism. Theirs was once a startling and paradoxical outlook, however it had extensive allure and may persist to exert a manifold impact within the Hellenistic interval and past.

Show description

Read or Download The Greek Praise of Poverty: The Origins Of Ancient Cynicism PDF

Best philosophy books

Download e-book for iPad: Wittgenstein, Finitism, and the Foundations of Mathematics by Mathieu Marion

This pioneering publication demonstrates the an important significance of Wittgenstein's philosophy of arithmetic to his philosophy as a complete. Marion strains the advance of Wittgenstein's pondering within the context of the mathematical and philosophical paintings of the days, to make coherent feel of rules that experience too frequently been misunderstood simply because they've been offered in a disjointed and incomplete method.

Read e-book online John Searle's Philosophy of Language: Force, Meaning and PDF

This can be a quantity of unique essays on key elements of John Searle's philosophy of language. It examines Searle's paintings relating to present problems with vital importance, together with internalism as opposed to externalism approximately psychological and linguistic content material, truth-conditional as opposed to non-truth-conditional conceptions of content material, the relative priorities of concept and language within the clarification of intentionality, the prestige of the excellence among strength and feel within the concept of which means, the problem of that means scepticism with regards to rule-following, and the right kind characterization of 'what is said' in terms of the semantics/pragmatics contrast.

Download e-book for kindle: The Farm Then and Now: A Model for Sustainable Living by Douglas Stevenson

In the summertime of affection in San Francisco's Haight-Asbury, a charismatic younger hippie by way of the identify of Stephen Gaskin introduced "Monday evening Class"—a weekly occasion which drew jointly an eclectic mixture of truth-seekers and flower young ones. quickly the category turned a caravan, and after traveling the rustic this colourful team made up our minds to hunt a plot of land and located a commune in accordance with their shared values.

Contra el fanatismo religioso - download pdf or read online

40 grandes rules que han cambiado el mundo.

Este libro condensa los argumentos clave contra l. a. intolerancia que Voltaire elaboró en su Tratado sobre l. a. tolerancia con motivo del caso Calas. Las razones y conclusiones de Voltaire eran tan válidas entonces como lo son hoy, y los angeles pertinencia de este texto resulta inquietante.

A lo largo de l. a. historia, algunos libros han cambiado el mundo. Han transformado los angeles manera en que nos vemos a nosotros mismos y a los demás. Han inspirado el debate, l. a. discordia, los angeles guerra y los angeles revolución. Han iluminado, indignado, provocado y consolado. Han enriquecido vidas, y también las han destruido. Taurus publica las obras de los grandes pensadores, pioneros, radicales y visionarios cuyas principles sacudieron los angeles civilización y nos impulsaron a ser quienes somos.

La crítica ha dicho sobre l. a. colección «Great Ideas»:
«Taurus propone un doble envite con este lanzamiento. Por un lado aumenta su compromiso con el ensayo; por otro, recupera el gusto por los angeles estética. A los volúmenes se les ha proporcionado una portada delicada y cuidada (copian el unique británico) que invita a los angeles lectura. »
La Razón

Extra resources for The Greek Praise of Poverty: The Origins Of Ancient Cynicism

Example text

9 But Cynic paradoxomania does not end here. " The Cynics adopted Heracles as their mythic prototype: just as Heracles' Labors led to his apotheosis, so the "labors" (ponoi) of the typical Cynic bring him happiness, virtue, and a god-like security. " This and similar sen­ timents have often been misinterpreted. "10 Or perhaps the Cynics were proto-Marxists proclaiming solidarity with the working class? " 1 1 In fact, a "gospel" of work would give the highest significance to manual labor. But the Cynics hardly preached the holiness of carpentry and tent-making.

Thus Cynicism has aspects of intellectual, military, and social asceti­ cisms; it even had a religious subtext, to be emphasized by some later inter­ preters, 63 even though the Cynics themselves denied any . divine inspiration for their poverty. Indeed, sometimes the Cynics would deny that they are motivated by any external or "higher" goods. Their explicit asceticism, then, can take on a paradoxical tone: the Cynic ascetic renounces immediate pleas­ ure in order to gain-immediate pleasure! It is not for religious revelation that the Cynic trains himself, nor for war, nor for some subtle intellectual dis­ covery, nor even for the common good.

To wear rags instead of a robe; to sleep not on a bed but on rushes and straw filled with bugs which bite you awake; to own a rotten mat instead of a carpet; to lay your head not on a pillow but on a large rock; to eat branches instead of mal­ low, and instead of bread, the tops of dry radishes. 55 Not surprisingly then, no less an authority than Moses Finley has con­ cluded, "The judgment of antiquity about wealth was fundamentally un­ equivocal and uncomplicated. "56 And yet attitudes towards wealth and poverty were not so univocal as Chremylus and Finley suggest.

Download PDF sample

The Greek Praise of Poverty: The Origins Of Ancient Cynicism by William D. Desmond

by Jason

Rated 4.93 of 5 – based on 42 votes