By David Williams
Within the 1820s a sequence of gold moves from Virginia to Alabama prompted such pleasure that hundreds of thousands of miners poured into the sector. This southern gold rush, the 1st in U.S. background, reached Georgia with the invention of the Dahlonega Gold Belt in 1829. The Georgia gold fields, despite the fact that, lay in and round Cherokee territory. In 1830 the country of Georgia prolonged its authority over the world, and years later the land used to be raffled off in a lottery. even though they resisted this land seize throughout the courts, the Cherokees have been ultimately pushed west alongside the path of Tears into what's this present day northeastern Oklahoma.
The gold rush period survived the Cherokees in Georgia by way of just a couple of years. The early 1840s observed a dramatic decline within the fortunes of the southern gold sector. while notice of a brand new gold strike in California reached the miners, they wasted no time in following the banished Indians westward. in truth, many Georgia twenty-niners turned many of the first California forty-niners.
Georgia's gold rush is now virtually centuries prior, however the gold fever keeps. Many citizens nonetheless pan for gold, and each October in the course of Gold Rush Days hundreds and hundreds of latter-day prospectors relive the thrill of Georgia's nice antebellum gold rush as they throng to the small mountain city of Dahlonega.
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Additional resources for The Georgia Gold Rush: Twenty-Niners, Cherokees, and Gold Fever
1 Benjamin Parks was not the first to be captivated by the luster of gold in the southern Appalachians. 2 These first Americans found gold attractive as jewelry, and adornments were often used as items of trade in an extensive network that included almost all of the present-day United States. However, there is no evidence that Native Americans ever mined large amounts of gold. The yellow metal did not have the same power over these people that it had over later generations of Europeans and their progeny.
36 The Cherokees had long viewed the encroachment of the white man with mounting alarm and were determined to preserve what was left of their homeland. Beginning with its first land cession in 1721, the Cherokee Nation was methodically consumed in large bites first by land-hungry colonies and later by the new United States government. First went territory in South Carolina, then western Virginia and Kentucky. Next to go were lands in Tennessee, North Carolina, Alabama, and Georgia. By 1819 the Cherokees had lost 90 percent of their precolonial territory.
But it seems evident from the excavations of Spanish mining operations and the tenacity with which they resisted British and French encroachment that the Spaniards clung to the dream of a North American El Dorado for as long as their weakening international position would allow. The British, though later arrivals, were no less eager in their quest for gold. Their appetite was whetted by Spanish tales of gold in the "New World" and by the evidence of its existence from Page 10 captured Spanish treasure ships.
The Georgia Gold Rush: Twenty-Niners, Cherokees, and Gold Fever by David Williams