By Peter Cozzens
A Smithsonian best heritage e-book of 2016
Finalist for the Gilder-Lehrman army historical past Prize
Bringing jointly a competition of interesting characters together with Custer, Sherman, supply, and a number of different army and political figures, in addition to nice local leaders akin to loopy Horse, Sitting Bull, Geronimo, and pink Cloud, The Earth is Weeping—lauded via Booklist as “a superbly written paintings of realizing and compassion”—is the fullest account so far of the way the West used to be won…and lost.
"[S]ets a brand new commonplace for Western Indian Wars history..." —Stuart Rosebrook, True West Magazine
With the tip of the Civil struggle, the kingdom recommenced its enlargement onto conventional Indian tribal lands, surroundings off a wide-ranging clash that will last longer than 3 many years. In an exploration of the wars and negotiations that destroyed tribal methods of lifestyles while they made attainable the emergence of the trendy usa, Peter Cozzens provides us either side in complete and singularly intimate aspect. He illuminates the encroachment skilled via the tribes and the tribal conflicts over no matter if to struggle or make peace, and explores the squalid lives of squaddies published to the frontier and the moral quandaries confronted by means of generals who usually sympathized with their local enemies.
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Extra info for The Earth is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West
In just three years, the United States had grown by nearly a million square miles and become a continental nation. Expansionist orators exhorted Americans to fulfill the nation’s Manifest Destiny by emigrating to Texas, California, or the Pacific Northwest. ) In August 1848, gold was discovered in California’s American River. The following year saw a mass migration unequaled in the young nation’s history. Within a decade, there were more whites in California than there were Indians in the entire West.
In pitched battles in 1863 and 1864, the army crippled the Dakotas and the Nakotas, who—less a small number who escaped to Canada or joined the Lakotas—afterward submitted to reservation life. The Minnesota uprising also sent shock waves across the relatively quiescent southern plains. Coloradans, already uneasy at sharing the territory with the Southern Cheyennes and Arapahos, were horrified. They construed the slightest Indian offense—there had been precious few, and those that did occur consisted of bloodless horse and cattle raids—as portending a similar massacre on their soil.
And this was their Achilles’ heel. Only in the Pacific Northwest were the Indians able to unite against the sudden and vigorous white expansion. Few tribes in the West proved able to maintain the internal unity necessary to oppose the white advance. Nearly every tribe broke into two factions, one advocating peaceful accommodation with the whites and adopting white ways, the other holding fast to the traditional ways, resisting the government’s enticements to go peaceably onto reservations. The government grew adept at exploiting these rivalries, giving the army a potent fifth column in its battles to bring the “hostile” Indians to heel.
The Earth is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West by Peter Cozzens