Ethan Michaeli's The Defender: How The Legendary Black Newspaper Changed PDF

By Ethan Michaeli

ISBN-10: 0547560877

ISBN-13: 9780547560878

Giving voice to the unvoiced, the Chicago Defender condemned Jim Crow, catalyzed the nice Migration, and concentrated the electoral strength of black the US. Robert S. Abbott based The Defender in 1905, smuggled millions of copies into the main remoted groups within the segregated South, and was once dubbed a "Modern Moses," changing into one of many first black millionaires within the strategy. His successor wielded the newspaper’s clout to decide on mayors and presidents, together with Harry S. Truman and John F. Kennedy, who may have misplaced in 1960 if no longer for TheDefender’s help. alongside the best way, its pages have been choked with columns by means of legends like Ida B. Wells, Langston Hughes, and Martin Luther King.

Drawing on dozens of interviews and wide archival examine, Ethan Michaeli constructs a revelatory narrative of race in the United States and brings to lifestyles the newshounds who braved lynch mobs and policemen’s golf equipment to do their jobs, from the age of Teddy Roosevelt to the age of Barack Obama.

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Extra info for The Defender: How The Legendary Black Newspaper Changed America

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12 In 1909, four years after the founding of The Defender, Mrs. Lee’s teenage daughter Genevieve began handling clerical duties for the newspaper, while Phil Jones, another teen, came in after school to manage circulation, quickly displaying an innate talent for organization. The young man proved particularly adept at getting the paper to newsstands, recruiting newsboys, and sending out mailings, all of which resulted in an exponential growth in the number of issues sold. Soon, Abbott was boasting on The Defender’s banner a readership of twenty-five thousand, a figure he had calculated by multiplying the actual number of papers sold, between four thousand and six thousand, with the number of times he expected the paper was passed from person to person.

Ida Wells and Ferdinand Barnett married that same year in Chicago, their wedding an important social and political event drawing hundreds of friends, white as well as black, and announced in both The New York Times and the Chicago Tribune. Afterward, Barnett received an appointment in the county prosecutor’s office, while Wells took over The Conservator, suspending her work only temporarily to rear the couple’s six children, including two sons from Barnett’s marriage to his first wife, who had died of illness.

35 Meanwhile, the leadership of black America changed hands. 36 Filling the void he’d left as the paramount spokesperson for black America was Robert Abbott’s predecessor at Hampton, Booker T. Washington. The Wizard of Tuskegee, as Washington was rapidly becoming known, departed sharply from Douglass in his approach to racial equality. In September 1895 he argued, during a speech at the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta, Georgia, that instead of struggle and protest, African Americans should take a passive approach to gaining their civil rights.

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The Defender: How The Legendary Black Newspaper Changed America by Ethan Michaeli

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