Read e-book online The Conservatives: Ideas and Personalities Throughout PDF

By Patrick Allitt

ISBN-10: 0300118945

ISBN-13: 9780300118940

ISBN-10: 0300164181

ISBN-13: 9780300164183

This vigorous e-book strains the improvement of yankee conservatism from Alexander Hamilton, John Adams, and Daniel Webster, via Abraham Lincoln, Teddy Roosevelt, and Herbert Hoover, to William F. Buckley, Jr., Ronald Reagan, and William Kristol. Conservatism has assumed various varieties, historian Patrick Allitt argues, since it has been mainly reactive, responding to perceived threats and demanding situations at diverse moments within the nation’s history.

While few american citizens defined themselves as conservatives earlier than the Nineteen Thirties, convinced teams, starting with the Federalists within the 1790s, can kind of be considered in that manner. The publication discusses altering rules approximately what needs to be conserved, and why. Conservatives occasionally favorite yet at different occasions antagonistic a powerful primary executive, occasionally criticized free-market capitalism yet at different instances supported it. a few denigrated democracy whereas others championed it. center parts, despite the fact that, have hooked up thinkers in a particularly American conservative culture, specifically a skepticism approximately human equality and fears for the survival of civilization. Allitt brings the tale of that culture to the top of the 20 th century, analyzing how conservatives rose to dominance in the course of the chilly battle. during the booklet he deals unique insights into the connections among the advance of conservatism and the bigger background of the nation.

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First, they endured slave uprisings: Denmark Vesey’s in 1822 and Nat Turner’s in 1831, which coincided with the Nullification Crisis. Second, in 1833 Britain abolished slavery in its colonies, the sugar islands of the Caribbean. The British example challenged America to keep pace. Third, American antislavery advocates, taking heart from the British example, intensified their own campaign. Moderate and procedural at first, the antislavery impulse was transformed by the rise of a new militancy in the 1830s.

Besides, as later historians have pointed out, his apparent solicitude for minorities actually extended only to propertied minorities that were powerful in their own right. 19 In November 1832 a South Carolina state convention set aside that year’s high tariff legislation, ordered citizens of the state not to pay the tariff on goods they bought, and threatened to secede from the Union if the federal government attempted coercion. It also called for volunteers to fight for South Carolina in the event of conflict, and at once raised twenty-five thousand men.

41 The historian James Oakes adds that the most articulate patriarchal conservatives were, in any event, always a minority among slave owners. 44 southern conservatism These were the privileged elite who lived in long-established communities around the Chesapeake Bay, Charleston, Savannah, and New Orleans, or on the richest Mississippi land around Natchez. For them, stability, family integrity across the color line, and rejection of egalitarian politics were serious commitments. By contrast, he suggests, the majority of slave owners were always opportunistic businessmen, perpetually in motion westward, scrambling for advantage and regarding slaves and lands simply as useful assets in a volatile market.

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The Conservatives: Ideas and Personalities Throughout American History by Patrick Allitt


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