By Nathan Barber
A 700-year odyssey from Italy’s boot to Switzerland’s Alps.Without an knowing of occasions and personalities in Europe, it’s very unlikely to actually savour the improvement of up to date associations, the function of continuity and alter in present-day society and politics, and the evolution of present different types of creative and highbrow expressions. This advisor offers a desirable, easy-to-understand, fact-filled glimpse of hundreds and hundreds of years of eu cultural, monetary, political, and social background.
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Extra resources for The Complete Idiots Guide to European History
Would You Believe? Pope Calixtus III declared Joan innocent in 1456. Almost 500 years later, in 1920, the Catholic Church canonized Joan. Joan had gone from peasant girl to military heroine to heretic to the patron saint of France. The following year, Joan returned to the battlefield. After an unsuccessful attack, Joan fell into the hands of the English, who, along with their supporters, put Joan on trial for heresy. Joan was tried, condemned for heresy, and burned at the stake in 1431. Despite the execution of Joan of Arc, the tide turned in favor of France and the English slowly lost their grip.
However, the French nobility couldn’t stomach the thought of a foreigner, an Englishman, on the French throne. French legal scholars did their homework and found a very old law that pre vented property and other inheritances from passing through a female line. That was good enough for France. They refused Edward’s claim to the throne and opted for a distant relative of the dead king. Over the next several years, tension mounted between France and England. Edward III reluctantly recognized Philip VI as the new king, and France reluctantly allowed Eng land to maintain some of its last holdings in France.
The only good news was that victims usually suffered only briefly. ” People lived in constant fear of the dreaded disease. Medicine had no answer for it. Doctors of the day had relatively no understanding of infectious diseases, so they could do little to combat the spread of the plague and even less to treat the victims. Europe felt helpless. The Black Death left millions of dead in its wake. Within five years, an estimated one third of Europe’s population disappeared. Population estimates vary, but com monly accepted numbers range from 25 million to 33 million dead.
The Complete Idiots Guide to European History by Nathan Barber