Download e-book for kindle: The City-State in Europe, 1000-1600: Hinterland, Territory, by Tom Scott

By Tom Scott

This publication presents the 1st finished examine of city‐states in medieval Europe for greater than a century. instead of highlighting the political and cultural achievements of city‐states, peculiarly these of important and northern Italy, it deals a close comparability of city‐states in an city belt which spanned the Alps from Italy to Switzerland, Germany, and the Low nations, targeting their territorial enlargement: Why, how, and with what outcomes did towns as communal polities be successful (or fail) of their efforts to build landed territories and so develop into sovereign states of their personal correct. For the 1st time there's complete assurance of the Swiss city‐states and the imperial towns of Germany. not like the typologies of city‐states recommend via social and political scientists the examine argues that city‐states weren't a spent strength in early sleek Europe, yet survived via transformation and adaption. additionally, it means that a historic framework for the city‐state which embraces either time and house could be sought in a local process which doesn't deal with city‐states in isolation yet inside their wider geopolitical context.

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Diocese and county We have already noted the powers which bishops exercised in the pre-communal period. These powers, conferred or delegated by monarchs, could benefit the citizenry at large. One example is the diploma granted by king Lothar II of Italy (r. 28 Thus bishops in their public capacity could promote the economic interests of the cities well before the latter had developed their own political institutions. 29 While it is true that up to AD 1000 bishops had often been citizens of their own sees and therewith the promoters of civic patriotism (which could embrace territorial ambitions),30 as the cities’ political maturity grew, the communes found their liberties clashing with the bishops’ prerogatives.

On the plains south of the city two Cistercian abbeys, Morimondo and Chiaravalle, were already agricultural improvers, but the true innovation was irrigation, which was undertaken by leading Milanese families alongside others from Pavia and Lodi. 67 But that was only half the story. Milan had no direct access to navigable waterways: it lay between the rivers Ticino and Adda, with the Po over thirty kilometres distant beyond Pavia. From the late twelfth century plans were drawn up to link the city to the Ticino by canal (perhaps initially for irrigation rather than transport).

1240–c. 1315) to have reached 200,000 by the 1280s, but more probably a maximum of 175,000, if all the suburbs are included),2 but teeming cities such as Brescia, Cremona, Verona, Padua, and Vicenza as well. 3 Alas, for our purposes, these figures are of little help (except to underline the contrast with other parts of Europe), since what we need to know is the rate of growth over such a long time-span, and more particularly when the fastest growth occurred. 18) rise across three-and-a-half centuries is, to say the least, hazardous.

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The City-State in Europe, 1000-1600: Hinterland, Territory, Region by Tom Scott

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