Download e-book for iPad: The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas, by Bruce G. Trigger, Wilcomb E. Washburn

By Bruce G. Trigger, Wilcomb E. Washburn

ISBN-10: 0521573939

ISBN-13: 9780521573931

This e-book presents the 1st complete historical past of the local Peoples of North the US from their arrival within the western hemisphere to the current. It describes how local Peoples have handled the environmental variety of North the USA and feature spoke back to different eu colonial regimes and nationwide governments that experience tested themselves in fresh centuries. It additionally examines the improvement of a pan-Indian id because the 19th century and offers a comparability now not present in different histories of ways local Peoples have fared in Canada and the USA.

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Extra resources for The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas, Volume 1, Part 2: North America

Sample text

Selection of intermediary chiefs was not so easy for the Tetons, who were subdivided into many politically autonomous groups, and could not readily agree on a few representatives. 24 For Native peoples, participating in the council was tantamount to a promise; to the federal agents, the agreement was only legal after each leader "touched the pen," that is, a scribe made an x-mark beside his name while he touched the end of the pen. Although these treaties in the 1850s appear to have been understood by the parties, in subsequent years the practice of touching the pen allowed for provisions that had not been discussed to be inserted or provisions that had been agreed on to be omitted.

Their problems worsened as Americans settled the Smoky Hill Valley in western Kansas.

Thus, the Kansas retained their territory adjacent to the Osages. Spain took over the administration of the trade after 1763 when the French withdrew after being defeated by the British. Spain operated the trade in a similar manner to the French, even occupying the French trading posts, such as Arkansas and Natchitoches. They curtailed the slave trade and made pelts and skins the focus of trade. St. Louis was built in 6 Willard H. , 1973), 43~44- Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 14 The Great Plains to 1885 1764 as a center for the Upper Louisiana trade, replacing the French centers at Cahokia and Kaskaskia.

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The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas, Volume 1, Part 2: North America by Bruce G. Trigger, Wilcomb E. Washburn

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