By Robin A. H. Waterfield
"Is there somebody in the world who's so narrow-minded or uninquisitive that he may perhaps fail to need to understand how and because of what sort of political approach nearly the full identified international used to be conquered and taken lower than a unmarried empire in under fifty-three years?" -- Polybius, Histories
The 53-year interval Polybius had in brain stretched from the beginning of the second one Punic warfare in 219 BCE till 167, while Rome overthrew the Macedonian monarchy and divided the rustic into 4 self sufficient republics. This used to be the the most important half-century of Rome's excellent upward thrust to imperial prestige, yet Roman curiosity in its japanese pals all started a bit prior, with the 1st Illyrian conflict of 229, and climaxed later with the notorious destruction of Corinth in 146.
Taken on the Flood chronicles this momentous circulate through Rome into the Greek east. previously, this era of historical past has been overshadowed by way of the specter of Carthage within the west, yet occasions within the east have been no less significant in themselves, and Robin Waterfield's account unearths the unusual nature of Rome's japanese coverage. For over seventy years, the Romans shunned annexation so they might devote their army and monetary assets to the struggle opposed to Carthage and in other places. even though finally a failure, this coverage of oblique rule, punctuated via periodic brutal army interventions and severe international relations, labored good for numerous many years, until eventually the Senate eventually settled on extra direct sorts of regulate.
Waterfield's fast paced narrative focuses frequently on army and diplomatic maneuvers, yet all through he interweaves different themes and issues, akin to the impact of Greek tradition on Rome, the Roman aristocratic ethos, and the conflict among the 2 top combating machines the traditional international ever produced: the Macedonian phalanx and Roman legion. the result's an soaking up account of a severe bankruptcy in Rome's mastery of the Mediterranean.
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Extra resources for Taken at the Flood: The Roman Conquest of Greece (Ancient Warfare and Civilization)
He joined the Aetolians for their raid, but, feeling that they had cheated him out of his share of the spoils, he transferred his allegiance to Macedon when Philip offered him an annual retainer generous enough for him to maintain a small fleet for use on the west coast against the Aetolians (and no doubt to keep himself in style as well). But this arrangement was 29 Taken at the Flood also short-lived: in 217, claiming that Philip had not kept his promises, Scerdilaidas resumed independent activity as a brigand and buccaneer for a few months, against Philip chiefly, before seeking the protection of Rome in 216.
A successful general might even crown his career with a triumph, the most visible form of glory. And the state benefited too; even if not every war covered its immediate costs, conquered foes were often heavily indemnified, and war was, in general, an enormous source of revenue for the state. 26 If everyone profited, everyone was inclined to go to war more readily than they would otherwise have been, and those who made policy were those who profited most. Rome was a militarized and warmongering society, and the Senate led the way.
They were a small state rapidly learning to think big, learning to adjust their view of themselves to the vastly increased horizons the First Punic War had afforded them. Only when they had regained their focus—in the first flush of appreciation of the benefits of empire—would they be ready to expand their horizons again. In the meantime, they had established in Illyris a sphere of influence. A SNUB TO MACEDON What of Macedon? The question is not generated merely by the hindsight knowledge that Macedon would become Rome’s main enemy in Greece.
Taken at the Flood: The Roman Conquest of Greece (Ancient Warfare and Civilization) by Robin A. H. Waterfield