Get Surviving Hitler and Mussolini: Daily Life in Occupied PDF

By Robert Gildea, Anette Warring, Olivier Wieviorka

ISBN-10: 1845201809

ISBN-13: 9781845201807

ISBN-10: 1847882242

ISBN-13: 9781847882240

This booklet examines the social adventure of career in German- and Italian-occupied Europe, and particularly the ideas traditional humans constructed so as to live to tell the tale. Survival incorporated facing starvation, having to paintings for the enemy, girls having relationships with infantrymen, renovation of tradition in a fascist setting, resistance, and the response of neighborhood groups to punishment of resistance. The publication adopts a comparative method from Denmark and the Netherlands to Poland and Greece, and provides a clean standpoint at the moment international battle.

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Extra resources for Surviving Hitler and Mussolini: Daily Life in Occupied Europe (Occupation in Europe)

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The problem of food became acute on the continent. The cessation of imports due to naval blockade deprived many countries of the necessary foodstuffs. Agricultural production on the continent fell in 1943–4 by 15–20 per cent in comparison with the prewar years due to the lack of manpower, fertilizers and draught animals. Some areas and countries suffered more than others but in general people escaped starvation, except in some places and for certain periods. Collaborationist governments and occupation authorities solved the problem of food shortages by rationing food and introducing changes in the diet during the occupation.

Police acknowledged the potential for disturbances in these long queues as people discussed their daily food problems and as underground organizations agitated against the authorities. 52 In Greece the propaganda and protests of the main resistance organization (the left-wing EAM) focused on living conditions, namely the high prices, the low wages, the insufficient rations and the problem of the black market. While for some months in the summer of 1943 the market and the prices were stabilized, after September 1943, as the prospect of the liberation of Greece was postponed, industrialists and merchants increased their prices by 100–200 per cent.

The numerous and urgent appeals to the United States for wheat were to no avail because the British were reluctant to lift the naval blockade. The collaborationist government repeatedly requested permission from the occupation authorities to import grain before the winter but again to no avail. Germany sent only 5,000 tons of grain, Italy about 10,000 tons, while Bulgaria did not bother at all. Bread consumption fell drastically from 500 g per capita per day in 1939 to 150 g in the winter of 1941–2.

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Surviving Hitler and Mussolini: Daily Life in Occupied Europe (Occupation in Europe) by Robert Gildea, Anette Warring, Olivier Wieviorka


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