Shoshoni Frontier & Bear River Massacre (Utah Centennial - download pdf or read online

By Brigham D. Madsen

ISBN-10: 0874804949

ISBN-13: 9780874804942

In January 1863 over 200 Shoshoni males, ladies, and kids died at the banks of the endure River by the hands of volunteer squaddies from California. endure River used to be one of many greatest Indian massacres within the Trans-Mississippi West, but the bloodbath has long past nearly left out because it happened in the course of a time while nationwide awareness was once excited by the Civil struggle, and the deaths of the Shoshoni Indians in a distant nook of the West was once of simply passing interest.  undergo River was once the fruits of occasions from approximately 20 years of Indian-white interplay. The Shoshoni homelands encompassed an incredible expanse of territory and have been traversed via the most paths of western go back and forth, forcing Indian-white encounters. firstly pleasant and accommodating to white tourists within the 1840s, by means of the past due 1850s resentment soared one of the Indians as they have been killed and their foodstuff shares have been fed on through emigrants and their cattle. the method of white appropriation of Indian lands reached predicament proportions within the a ways West and nice Basin prior to it did at the nice Plains. within the historiography of western Indians, few have preferred the function of tribes inhabiting the areas of alongside the Oregon and California Trails. Madsen makes a compelling argument that precedents have been verified that have been repeatedly on next western Indian frontiers, delivering a brand new view of early encounters within the Trans-Mississippi West. This specified narrative of the occasions and conflicts that culminated within the bloodbath is still the definitive account of this bloody bankruptcy in United States-Native American relations.

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Extra info for Shoshoni Frontier & Bear River Massacre (Utah Centennial Series)

Sample text

They had already suffered the loss of much of their homeland to Mormon settlers who had taken over Tooele, and Rush and Skull valleys Page 10 southwest of Great Salt Lake. The Mormons proceeded to strip these grassy basins by overgrazing large herds of livestock. The starving natives periodically fought back by killing some of the Mormon cattle only to suffer death or imprisonment at the hands of enraged white farmersdespite Brigham Young's oft-repeated advice to love and cherish the red brethren.

The History of a Valley: Cache Valley, Utah-Idaho (1956), devotes only two sentences to the battle with no apparent understanding of the Northwestern bands who inhabited the valley. One must go back to the 1890 History of Utah by Hubert Howe Bancroft to get a fairly detailed and reasonably accurate description of the Bear River Massacre, evidently the largest Indian massacre in the history of the Far West. The Northwestern Shoshoni, though involved in numerous scrapes with early Mormon settlers, have become Utah's "Lost Tribe," even though the history of their hostile actions in northern Utah is as dramatic as the Walker or Black Hawk wars so prominently portrayed for central and southern Utah.

The second Wanamuka's band, 500 in number, along the shores of the Northern Mud Lake. 11 The Northern Paiute who lived in the Walker-Pyramid Lake region were more numerous and better fed than those scattered from that region to Winnemucca. The seven major Shoshoni groups just described, comprising about 17,000 people, have been for years an enigma wrapped in a mystery. " Page 12 Even today, except for a few scholars and a few knowledgeable attorneys concerned with aboriginal land claims, many people still throw up their hands in dismay and talk about a general population of Shoshoni Indians with little appreciation for their differences and the geographical boundaries of their tribal homelands.

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Shoshoni Frontier & Bear River Massacre (Utah Centennial Series) by Brigham D. Madsen


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