By Mark Somos
This e-book indicates how a bunch of early-seventeenth-century writers excluded theologically grounded argument from a variety of disciplines, from the average sciences to diplomacy. Somos makes use of richly contextualised photos of Scaliger, Heinsius, Cunaeus and Grotius to improve a brand new version of secularisation as a contingent, cumulative, and incomplete approach, with a few accidental consequences.
Facing critical clash, the Leiden Circle realised that rival claims that staked their truth-content and validity on spiritual trust have been eventually irreconcilable. progressively they got rid of such claims from appropriate discourse, contributing to the great secularisation that defines modernity. If blindness to spiritual claims has develop into definitive of recent politics, Somos concludes, recollecting its old complexity and contingency is key for overcoming a few of its mess ups.
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Additional resources for Secularisation and the Leiden Circle
Tilly, Cities. ’ The break was, however, accompanied by the re-foundation of a Gallican Church ideology. introduction 23 ence to the divine character of his kingship. ’52 Another example of using biblical scenes as a source of legitimacy claims is a speech by Plaisians, one of Philip’s lawyers, at the condemnation of the Templars. 53 Philip was renowned for his personal piety and austere morals. 54 He also regarded his dynasty, which turned out to end with him, as sacrosanct. 55 With careful instructions for the physical presÂ� entation of the sanctity of his dynasty at Saint-Denis, drawing on the official sainthood of his grandfather and by rewriting his family’s history to connect the Capetians with the founding kings of France, Philip established a basis of divine legitimacy that he drew on heavily 52 â•‡ Cited by Strayer, The reign, 295, and by Pethő, Démosz, 108, in the context of the emergence of European notions of sovereignty.
Such were the Second Coming, disparaging the importance of worldly existence, and emphasising the incompetence of worldly authorities to help atone for the original sin, guarantee salvation, or otherwise affect the values that Christians held to be the highest. As the Reformation eroded the monopoly of the Catholic Church as a source of Christian ideology, this built-in propensity for church-state conflict intensified. The Reformation rekindled questions about the right interpretation of the Bible, who is entitled to interpret it, and how it applies to the abovementioned problems.
Without the secularising thinkers there was no intrinsic reason why Western civilisation, built on the ruins of ancient Rome with a Christian worldview, should have reached its present form. Secularisation is a defining Western discourse. The rise and progress of autonomous individuals, nation-states, republicanism, representation, rationalisation, legalism, technology, the modern scientific method, commercial sociability, â•‡ Tierney, Foundations, 13-4. ” On Medici soldier-popes: Machiavelli, The Prince.
Secularisation and the Leiden Circle by Mark Somos