By A. M. C. Waterman
This ebook is ready the highbrow safety opposed to the French Revolution and all "radical" rules that was once built after Malthus' pioneering Essay on inhabitants used to be released in 1798. A political economic climate was once constructed within the years following which, mixed with Anglican theology, was once in a position to find a heart floor among ultra-Toryism and radical reform. sure rules basic to fashionable economics additionally emerged as a derivative. Professor Waterman's major goal is to accomplish the tale of the "intellectual repulse of the Revolution" by way of describing this ideological alliance of political economic system and Christian theology. In doing so he offers the "missing piece of the jigsaw" in early nineteenth-century English highbrow historical past.
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Additional resources for Revolution, Economics and Religion: Christian Political Economy, 1798-1833
The age of miracles is past, and in each of the ten references to miracles which occur in the first Essay (12, 127, 160, 239, 244, 246, 247, 361, 385, 392) Malthus is concerned to maintain Godwin's own position: that the 'operations of what we call nature' are conducted 'according to fixed laws'. Why then did Malthus insist on this dialectically redundant point? In part, no doubt, his cloth required it. In part, perhaps, he wished to emphasize his common ground with Godwin by introducing miracles only in order to set them aside as irrelevant.
Divested of nonessentials, the "Malt- 38 The first Essay on Population: political economy husian" Principle of Population sprang fully developed from the brain of Botero in 1589' (Schumpeter 1954, 254). The tendency of population to increase geometrically was suggested by Petty, Siissmilch and Ortes as well as by Wallace; Franklin, Cantillon, Mirabeau, Steuart, Chastellux, Quesnay and Townsend had all maintained — though without specifying any precise mechanism — that population tends to an equilibrium determined by the means of subsistence (Schumpeter 1954, 255-8).
If population reaches a level at which this is the case, any further increase will depend strictly upon a subsequent increase in the supply of food. Negative polemic 39 The food supply is itself a consequence of the application of human labour, assisted by capital goods, to the available agricultural and grazing land: if population were to increase and more labour and capital be applied to food production, formerly uncultivated land would be drawn into use and food supplies would increase. But the additional land, being of lower fertility than that already farmed, would yield less per acre, hence the increase in food would be less than proportionate to the increase in labour applied.
Revolution, Economics and Religion: Christian Political Economy, 1798-1833 by A. M. C. Waterman