By Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes
Even though it has lengthy been recognized that Sieyes' what's the 3rd Estate?, translated for this variation by way of Michael Sonenscher, was once the main textual content of the French Revolution, just recently has Sieyes become obvious as one of many critical figures within the formation of recent liberalism. This well timed variation, which additionally contains 3 different works Sieyes produced in 1789 -- his 'Essay on Privileges', 'Views of the administrative Means', and the textual content of his debate with Tom Paine -- may be of price to an individual drawn to the origins and personality of contemporary liberalism, the heritage and research of political notion, or the heritage of the French Revolution.
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Extra info for Political Writings: Including the Debate Between Sieyes and Tom Paine in 1791
If, Sieyès warned, the Estates-General was to opt to default on the debt, the results would be catastrophic. By “subscribing to a bankruptcy” it would have lost the most favorable and least costly means of acquiring 70 Arthur Young, Travels in France, ed. , Cambridge University Press, 1929), pp. 84–5. 71 A. N. 284 AP 2, dossier 12 (note headed “finances”). Introduction xli a constitution ever offered to a people. What might appear to free the nation of its debt would, at the very moment of liberation, restore the independence of the royal government to spend its revenue as it liked.
284 AP 2, dossier 13 (sheet headed “Travail”). The analogy to shoemaking can be found in A. N. 284 AP 4, dossier 5: “Since it is not the nation as a body, since it is not every citizen who goes about producing everything needed to meet his needs, it can be said quite truthfully that all the work undertaken in society is representative. The rich, delicate lady living in the most luxurious of cities whose daily occupations are the furthest removed from those of the humblest artisan should know that her existence is very highly based on representation and that what he does amounts to her most essential capital.
71 But France was an absolute not a constitutional monarchy. The implications of a failure to take responsibility for dealing with the deficit out of the hands of the royal government were set out most fully in the Views of the executive means. A considerable part of the pamphlet (see below, pp. 24–32, 60–7) was devoted to a discussion of the possibility that, faced with a choice between preserving itself and preserving public faith (its obligations to its creditors), the royal government would opt for the first.
Political Writings: Including the Debate Between Sieyes and Tom Paine in 1791 by Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes