By Ernest Gellner
The writer argues opposed to the concept background is bunk and means that this present day is just attainable as a result of alterations that happened the previous day. His philosophy of background is supported through examples drawn from a wide selection of disciplines. From the writer of the Psychoanalytic circulation.
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Extra resources for Plough, Sword, and Book: The Structure of Human History
We distinguish between falsehood and outrageous falsehood, or between lies and whoppers. Nevertheless, the myth or ideal of a strict two-valued logic tends to pervade our current habitual thinking about thought. This does not matter too much - but it is important to stress that the rules and gradings which govern the various "strands" 53 C O M M U N I T Y TO SOCIETY themselves also come in all kinds of shapes and sizes. Sharp and two-valued evaluations have no monopoly. , are all there, ready to be found.
This endows his politics with a natural vindication, and his meteorology with a social sanction. This is the life which the expression leads within its speech community, and it knows no other. Consider the matrix of the real multiple use of the expression: Raining Priest says yes Priest silent Priest says no 47 Ambiguous N o t raining COMMUNITY TO SOCIETY Referentialists, as one may call them, have imposed the referential use of language as somehow primary and basic onto pre-division-of-labour man.
Agriculture involves labour with delayed return. A very loose and diffuse social organization, insensitive to the retention of obligations over time, cannot ensure the delivery of the delayed fruits for its members. Anthropologists have long ago abandoned the idea of primitive sexual promiscuity, but a kind of economic/moral equivalent, the transience of productive relations, seems to be alive and well. So agriculture can only be initiated by a community which, for some reason, already possesses a sense of long-term obligation and permanent relations.
Plough, Sword, and Book: The Structure of Human History by Ernest Gellner