By Amy L. Paugh
Over a number of generations villagers of Dominica were moving from Patwa, an Afro-French creole, to English, the reliable language. regardless of govt efforts at Patwa revitalization and cultural historical past tourism, rural caregivers and academics restrict little ones from talking Patwa of their presence. Drawing on unique ethnographic fieldwork and research of video-recorded social interplay in naturalistic domestic, institution, village and concrete settings, the learn explores this paradox and examines the position of kids and their social worlds. It deals much-needed insights into the examine of language socialization, language shift and Caribbean kid's organisation and social lives, contributing to the burgeoning interdisciplinary research of kid's cultures. additional, it demonstrates the serious function performed by way of kids within the transmission and transformation of linguistic practices, which eventually may possibly verify the destiny of a language.
Amy L. Paugh is affiliate Professor of Anthropology at James Madison collage. Her study investigates language socialization, kid's cultures and language ideologies within the Caribbean and usa.
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Extra resources for Playing with Languages: Children and Change in a Caribbean Village
In multilingual settings, the use of one code may convey a different type of rhetorical force or social meaning than the other, acting as an affect intensifier and potentially serving as a register to mark particular kinds of affective stances and “voices” vis-à-vis other codes (Biber and Finegan 1994; Errington 1988; Irvine 1990; Ochs 1988; Patrick 1997). Of course, not all registers or other linguistic varieties are available or appropriate to all speakers at a given time, contributing to and creating asymmetries of power and prestige, but also a space for creativity and resistance.
Particularly during Independence celebrations, state-sponsored regional competitions draw cultural groups from the countryside to perform and keep “alive” particular genres of dance, music, song, and storytelling. These practices, labeled “traditional,” are associated with rural peoples as opposed to “modern” urbanites who no longer or perhaps never engaged in them. I observed and recorded practices and performances of Penville’s “cultural group” as they entered these competitions. This gives insights into which forms of creative expression are considered part of “traditional Dominican culture” and must be preserved, and how this is being discussed and organized at local and national levels.
Tight-knit communities developed where the “influence of a French co-operative ethic was pervasive” (Baker 1994: 104). The custom of koudmen was practiced, whereby a large job requiring lots of hands, such as building a house, was accomplished through cooperative labor that would be reciprocated in turn. From this emerged isolated and inward-looking communities since cooperation between them was rarely necessary or possible. 1â•‡ A coastal village surrounded by mountains Discourses of Differentiation, Unity, and Identityâ•‡|â•‡35 developed, often based on family name and skin color related to the degree of intermixing between estate owners and slaves in each area.
Playing with Languages: Children and Change in a Caribbean Village by Amy L. Paugh