By Mark A. Rees, Patrick C. Livingood, Professor Stephen Williams, Marvin D. Jeter, Douglas C. Wells, Tristram R. Kidder, Malcolm K. Shuman, Richard A. Weinstein, Virgil Roy Beasley III, Lori Roe, Ian W. Brown
Plaquemine, Louisiana, approximately 10 miles south of Baton Rouge at the banks of the Mississippi River, turns out an unassuming southern neighborhood for which to designate a complete tradition. Archaeological study carried out within the sector among 1938 and 1941, despite the fact that, printed designated cultural fabrics that supplied the foundation for distinguishing a special cultural manifestation within the reduce Mississippi Valley. Plaquemine used to be first pointed out within the archaeological literature by way of James Ford and Gordon Willey of their 1941 synthesis of japanese U.S. prehistory. decrease Valley researchers have hence grappled with the place to put this tradition within the neighborhood chronology in accordance with its ceramics, earthen mounds, and habitations. Plaquemine cultural fabrics proportion a few features with different neighborhood cultures yet fluctuate considerably from Coles Creek and Mississippian cultures of the Southeast. Plaquemine has hence acquired the doubtful contrast of being outlined by way of the features it lacks, instead of via these it possesses. the present quantity brings jointly eleven top students dedicated to laying off new mild on Plaquemine and supplying a clearer knowing of its dating to different local American cultures. it's the first significant booklet to in particular handle the archaeology of Plaquemine societies. The authors offer a radical but targeted evaluation of earlier learn, contemporary revelations, and instructions for destiny examine. They current pertinent new information on cultural variability and connections within the reduce Mississippi Valley and interpret the consequences for comparable cultures and cultural relationships. This quantity ultimately areas Plaquemine at the map, incontrovertibly demonstrating the accomplishments and significance of Plaquemine peoples within the lengthy heritage of local North the US.
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Extra info for Plaquemine Archaeology
T. R. Kidder provided me the opportunity to work at Raffman and has offered immeasurable support and advice. Dennis LaBatt, David Grif¤ng, and the rest of the staff at the Poverty Point State Historic Site provided housing, research facilities, support, and hospitality. I am grateful to them and the Louisiana Of¤ce of State Parks. E. Thurman Allen, Chip McGimsey, and Joe Saunders supplied soil coring equipment and worked hours extracting and interpreting soil cores from Raffman. T. R. Kidder and Anthony Ortmann volunteered their manual labor and expertise for ¤eld research and offered editorial comments for this chapter.
Raffman, Routh, and Fitzhugh each have a preeminent truncated pyramidal mound, with other large, relatively closely spaced mounds arranged around a single plaza (see Gibson 1996; Hally 1972; Morgan 1999). ev idence from the r affm a n site 35 While ceremonial activities presumably took place at Coles Creek mound centers, the centers do not appear to have supported large resident populations. Late Coles Creek mound sites are not necessarily “vacant” ceremonial centers; however, those sites that have been investigated do not have extensive occupation debris on or between the mounds (Kidder 2002; Williams and Brain 1983).
Mound I overlies a midden that contains ceramics associated with the terminal Coles Creek and Plaquemine periods (Baytown Plain, var. Addis, Baytown Plain, var. unspeci¤ed, and a single sherd of Plaquemine Brushed, var. unspeci¤ed ). It is unclear whether prehistoric occupation debris is associated with the mound surface. The upper surface of the mound was disturbed by the construction of an early nineteenth-century house. d. 1000, a large expansion of Raffman was undertaken. The elevated crevasse splay on which Raffman is situated was arti¤cially extended to the northeast.
Plaquemine Archaeology by Mark A. Rees, Patrick C. Livingood, Professor Stephen Williams, Marvin D. Jeter, Douglas C. Wells, Tristram R. Kidder, Malcolm K. Shuman, Richard A. Weinstein, Virgil Roy Beasley III, Lori Roe, Ian W. Brown