New PDF release: Origins of psychopathology: the phylogenetic and cultural

By Jr. Horacio Fabrega

ISBN-10: 0813530237

ISBN-13: 9780813530239

Textual content covers psychiatry and evolutionary biology, psychopathology in the course of human organic evolution, and recapitulation and synthesis. Discusses if psychological disease happens in primates and different animals, and if that is so, what does this let us know approximately psychological sickness in human evolution? writer is with Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA.

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Extra resources for Origins of psychopathology: the phylogenetic and cultural basis of mental illness

Sample text

Finally, while not independent of psychological mechanisms and temperament, and influenced by attachment styles as well, personality refers to psychological structures or factors underlying social and psychological behavior that explain why individuals behave differently in different contexts and situations. For example, personality encompasses emotionality, gregariousness, inhibition, conscientiousness, and impulsiveness. All of these behavior dispositions include subsidiary tendencies, traits, and factors, and they apply to different types of behavior.

These intrinsic qualities will have a biological basis (including a genetic component) but . . will also have been influenced by experiences” (Rutter and Rutter 1993, 185). Third, psychological mechanisms refer to ways of handling specific types of physical and environmental stimuli in relation to distinct types of tasks and challenges—for example, selection of a mate, achievement of social rank and status, color determination, and spatial reasoning and memory with respect to characteristics of the physical environment.

The concept of psychopathology and the framework that provides its meaning is an indispensable and useful invention of science and medicine. The concept has been designed to set aside a class of phenomena so as to make better sense of them, so as to make the problems that they pose more amenable to cure. We may assume that members of a group show variation in traits, states, conditions, and behaviors that may be called psychopathological. Psychopathology must be understood in light of the following questions, as summarized in four generalizations: First, what are the special characteristics that set psychopathology apart?

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Origins of psychopathology: the phylogenetic and cultural basis of mental illness by Jr. Horacio Fabrega

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