By Lothar Mueller, Abdulla Saparov, Gunnar Lischeid
The ebook goals to begin a sustainable use of land and water assets in crucial Asia via the move of clinical tools. It offers with the main complex equipment world wide for larger tracking and administration of water and land assets. we provide an array of tools of measuring, assessing, forecasting, using and controling tactics in agricultural landscapes. those are laboratory and box size equipment, equipment of source overview, practical mapping and threat review, and distant sensing tools for tracking and modeling huge components. The e-book comprises equipment and result of information research and environment modeling, of bioremediation of soil and water, box tracking of soils, and strategies and applied sciences for optimizing land use structures in addition. The bankruptcy authors are inventors and advocators of novel transferrable equipment. The booklet starts off with an research of the present country of water and land assets. ultimately concrete proposals for the applicability of novel equipment are given.
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Additional resources for Novel Measurement and Assessment Tools for Monitoring and Management of Land and Water Resources in Agricultural Landscapes of Central Asia
Crop yields were low during that period of structural reforms or re-organization in agriculture, a few years after independence. Later, crop yields from irrigated land improved slightly in many cases, but their level remains low or very low in comparison with the leading countries in terms of irrigated agriculture, such as China. In Uzbekistan, yields of some cash crops such as cotton are sufficient but not stable, while others such as rice remain very low (Abdullaev and Molden 2004). The water productivity of the cotton-growing areas of the Syr Darya basin, one of the largest irrigation systems of Central Asia, is still lower than the world average.
C Temp. January, °C Temp. July, °C Frost-free months, No. Ground frost probability % April May September October Annual Precipitation, mm Potential Evapotranspiration, mm Koeppen climate zone NPPTemp g/m2 NPPRain g/m2 Latitude, Deg. North Longitude, Deg. West Altitude, m Mean annual temp. °C Temp. January, °C Temp. July, °C Frost-free months, No. 10 (FAO 2006). Potential evapotranspiration was not measured at some stations; in those cases the data were interpolated from neighbouring stations. 10, calculated by the Miami model developed by Lieth (FAO 2006) all the major rivers and is a precondition for irrigated agriculture and rural living in the semi-arid and arid lowlands of the region.
The year 2000 is typical for the end of the transition period, when the overall production was very low, and the data for 2010 are the most recent available. It can be seen that all countries were keen to increase the percapita production of milk. This has been successfully achieved in all countries. The data are probably not very reliable, for Tajikistan in particular. Many poor people breed goats for their subsistence, and those data are obviously not available. However, increasing per-capita production despite a fast-growing population indicates increasing pressure on grasslands.
Novel Measurement and Assessment Tools for Monitoring and Management of Land and Water Resources in Agricultural Landscapes of Central Asia by Lothar Mueller, Abdulla Saparov, Gunnar Lischeid