New PDF release: Neurologic Interventions for Physical Therapy, 2nd Edition

By Suzanne Tink Martin MACT PT

ISBN-10: 0721604277

ISBN-13: 9780721604275

Now thoroughly up-to-date with the newest details on either grownup and pediatric sufferers, this entire publication offers a hyperlink among the pathophysiology of neurologic deficits and attainable rehabilitation interventions for making improvements to move results. It introduces the constitution and serve as of the fearful procedure and describes common motor improvement, motor keep watch over and motor studying, pathophysiology of the fearful approach and customary remedy ideas utilized in actual treatment perform. This version additionally gains up to date terminology from the APTA's advisor to actual Therapist perform, in addition to new chapters on proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and different neurological stipulations noticeable within the grownup. useful studying aids and ample illustrations spotlight key thoughts and support readers fast grasp the material.Helpful studying aids - comparable to goals, tables, illustrated intervention bins, and overview questions - make stronger vital evidence and concepts.Review questions on the finish of every bankruptcy enable readers to check their realizing of the material.700 illustrations truly depict techniques mentioned within the textual content and make clear descriptions of anatomy, body structure, review, pathology, and treatment.Background details is supplied for interventions that may be utilized in the rehabilitation of adults and youngsters, selling an entire knowing of techniques.Careful documentation makes use of present outcomes-based research.Case histories comprise subjective and target commentary, review, making plans, and important decision-making components.Current language of the APTA's consultant to actual Therapist perform, 2d variation is used all through, aligning all info with most sensible practices positioned forth through the APTA.A new bankruptcy on proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) describes how those suggestions can be utilized to enhance functionality of useful initiatives via expanding energy, flexibility, and variety of movement.

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Extra info for Neurologic Interventions for Physical Therapy, 2nd Edition

Example text

Sensation from weight bearing reinforces maintenance of developmental postures such as the prone on elbows position and the hands and knees position. Sensory information is crucial to the mover when interacting with objects and maneu­ vering within an environment. Figure 3-3 depicts how sen­ sation provides the necessary feedback for the body to know whether a task such as reaching or walking was per­ formed and how well it was accomplished. Theories of Motor Control FIGURE 3-1. Motor control emerges from an interaction between the task, the individual, and the environment.

One way of looking at these postural reactions is based on a hierar­ chic view of how the nervous system works, as seen in Figure 3-5. As the nervous system matures, ever higher cen­ ters are responsible for coordinating the infant's postural responses to shifts of center of mass within the base of sup­ port. Figure 3-8 shows a hierarchic representation of how muscle tone, reflexes, and reactions are related to attain­ ment of selective voluntary movement, postural control, 34 SECTION 1 FOUNDATIONS ~ Righting and Equilibrium Reactions Reaction Age at Onset Age at Integration 34 weeks' gestation Birth-2 months Birth-2 months 4-6 months 4-6 months Persists Persists 5 years 34 weeks' gestation 4-6 months 3-4 months 4-6 months 5 years 1-2 years 4 months Persists 6-7 months Persists 7-8 months Persists 9 months Persists 15-17 months Persists 6 months 7-8 months 7-8 months 9-12 months 12-24 months Persists Persists Persists Persists Persists Head righting Neck (immature) Labyrinthine Optical Neck (mature) Trunk righting Protective reactions Righting reactions Body (immature) Body (mature) Landau Protective Integrated primitive reflexes and mass patterns Normal postural tone FIGURE 3-8.

Individuals rarely perform the movement exactly the same way every time. This variability must be part of any model used to explain how posture and movement are controlled. Any movement system must be able to adapt to the changing demands of the individual mover and environ­ ment in which the movement takes place. The individual mover must be able to learn from prior movement experi­ ences. Different theories of motor control emphasize differ­ ent developmental aspects of posture and movement. Development of postural control and balance is embedded in the development of motor control.

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Neurologic Interventions for Physical Therapy, 2nd Edition by Suzanne Tink Martin MACT PT


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