Download PDF by Patrick Neal (auth.): Liberalism and Its Discontents

By Patrick Neal (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1349143626

ISBN-13: 9781349143627

ISBN-10: 1349143642

ISBN-13: 9781349143641

In those essays the reigning types of liberal political conception of John Rawls and Joseph Raz are immanently criticized. Neal argues that neither 'political' nor 'perfectionist' liberalism appropriately provides expression to the liberal spirit. unusually, Neal unearths assets for the expression of this type of spirit within the a lot maligned culture of Hobbesian, or 'vulgar', liberalism. He argues flip during this course is critical for the articulation of a liberalism extra surely aware of the range of modes of lifestyles within the twenty-first century.

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They must treat morality either as a natural science or as prudence, projects that fly in the face of our ordinary moral experience, where we face conflicts between the demands of doing what is right and doing what will satisfy our natural desires. (3) A third strategy for defending liberalism is what I shall call the positive strategy, and although Dworkin does not provide such a defense, he clearly intends to. He argues, in accord with what has just been said here, that .. liberalism cannot be based on skepticism.

I maintain, however, that this theory is also characteristic of deontological versions of liberalism, be they contractarian or libertarian. In maintaining this, I mean to question the unfortunate tendency prevalent in AngloAmerican political theory, which is to suppose that rights-based and utilitarian theories of justice are the fundamental alternatives open to reasonable consideration as viable accounts of justice. " It is worth noting here that "perfectionism" is a concept used by "non-perfectionists" (that is, liberals) to describe non-liberal theories of justice; it is doubtful that those categorized as "perfectionists" would be comfortable with the characterization (not to say evaluation) that accompanies this apparently innocent labelling.

These are conceptions of what ends they desire to pursue in the course of their lives. Now these ends can be shared with other individuals, but only in a particular sense. They can be shared contingently and aggregatively but not essentially and collectively. Let us explain these distinctions. On the liberal meta-theory of the good, each individual is responsible for defining his or her conception of the good. Now it may happen that the ends of life defining my good turn out to be the same as those defining yours.

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Liberalism and Its Discontents by Patrick Neal (auth.)


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