By Stefan Auer
After the cave in of communism there has been a frequent worry that nationalism might pose a major chance to the advance of liberal democracy within the international locations of valuable Europe. This e-book examines the function of nationalism in post-communist improvement in principal Europe, focusing specifically on Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. It argues definite form of nationalism, that's liberal nationalism, has certainly motivated the method of postcommunist transition in the direction of the rising liberal democratic order.
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Extra resources for Liberal Nationalism in Central Europe (Routledgecurzon Contemporary Russia and Eastern Europe Series, 1)
All the nations of Central Europe sought to distance themselves from ‘the barbarian Eastern culture’, epitomized in Russian Stalinism, by reclaiming their traditional belonging to the West 24 Nationalism in Central Europe (whether real or imagined). Typical is the confident statement of György Konrád: ‘Like it or not, Hungary – together with Central Europe as a whole – is fated to be a democracy’ (Konrád 1995: 129). This is a stance very similar (only inverted) to the cultural determinism that characterizes all concepts of ‘Eastern’, illiberal nationalism.
As Taylor stated, ‘due recognition is not just a courtesy we owe people. It is a vital human need’ (Taylor 1992: 26). On these grounds affirmative actions sponsored by the state are justified. Where the politics of universal dignity fought for forms of nondiscrimination that were quite ‘blind’ to the ways in which citizens differ, the politics of difference often redefines nondiscrimination as requiring that we make these distinctions the basis of differential treatment. (Taylor 1992: 39) Minority rights in Central Europe 35 In other words, in certain circumstances the state has to discriminate in order to be genuinely non-discriminatory.
How can political liberalism with its focus on individual freedom accommodate the political demands of groups and conceptualize a multicultural society free of culturally based oppression and domination? What sort of functions, if any, is a liberal state supposed to fulfil regarding national minorities? Should the state embrace and actively support ethnic diversity by acknowledging the special rights of the national minorities, or should it be indifferent, or even resistant to any special demands?
Liberal Nationalism in Central Europe (Routledgecurzon Contemporary Russia and Eastern Europe Series, 1) by Stefan Auer