By Jean-François Bert
Père de l’anthropologie française, auteur de réflexions pionnières sur los angeles faith, l. a. magie, l’imaginaire,les sociétés tribales, le don et le contre-don, Marcel Mauss a marqué de son empreinte l’ensemble dessciences sociales, et influencé des penseurs aussi différents que Claude Lévi-Strauss, Pierre Bourdieu,Michel Foucault ou Michel Maffesoli. Mais Mauss n’a pas écrit d’ouvrage de synthèse où seraientexposées les grandes lignes de sa pensée : son oeuvre se compose d’articles, d’essais, de comptesrendus, de cours croisant sociologie, anthropologie et philologie. C’est cette activité multiplequ’interroge François Bert à partir des records personnelles de l’auteur, éclairant l. a. genèse d’uneoeuvre riche, plurielle, ambitieuse, attentive à los angeles diversité des représentations collectives.L’ouvrage incontournable pour comprendre une oeuvre majeure.
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Additional resources for L'atelier de Marcel Mauss : Un anthropologue paradoxal
65 The battle for global, ideological hegemony had far-reaching local consequences for even the most isolated of peasants. S. government helped train hundreds of Guatemalan military ofﬁcers in counterinsurgency techniques. S. S. S. military training institutions. S. defense specialists to Guatemala to train their counterparts in the weapons, 22 Introduction intelligence, interrogation, logistics, and operations skills necessary for ﬁghting the guerrillas. S. military trained the army in counterinsurgency operations, perfecting these tactics later in the decade with the experience gained in Vietnam.
Tedlock] does not give the reason for closing her research on the Introduction 9 Quiché,” Colby notes, “but presumably it is that the countryside in Guatemala now has been militarized with troops, government torture, and death squad activity. ”20 If some anthropologists ignored the larger forces that were convulsing Guatemala in the 1980s, a controversial contemporary account by David Stoll, Rigoberta Menchú and the Story of All Poor Guatemalans, superimposed a distorted and misleading framework on the conﬂict.
The coup d’état in Chile that September was a sad and disorienting personal blow that distracted me from Guatemala and Santa María Tzejá. When I returned to visit the highlands in late 1975 and early 1976, I was told by a somber Fabián that things had changed drastically since my ﬁrst visit. A death squad had murdered a dedicated young woman, who had moved to the village to become a teacher, when she was on a visit to Guatemala City; threats from the army had forced Father Luis to leave the village; and soldiers had kidnapped a villager, who never returned.
L'atelier de Marcel Mauss : Un anthropologue paradoxal by Jean-François Bert