By Claude Lévi-Strauss
Si les lecteurs de Claude Lévi-Strauss retrouvent ici les questions qui sous-tendent ses travaux, les nouvelles générations pourront y découvrir une imaginative and prescient d’avenir proposée par le célèbre anthropologue.Dans ces trois conférences, Claude Lévi-Strauss livre ses inquiétudes family aux problèmes cruciaux d’un monde sur le element d’entrer dans le XXIe siècle, sur les affinités entre les diverses formes d’« explosions idéologiques » et le devenir des intégrismes. Professeur au Collège de France, Claude Lévi-Strauss est né à Bruxelles le 28 novembre 1908 et mort à Paris le 30 octobre 2009.
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Extra info for L'Anthropologie face aux problèmes du monde moderne
8 In Kabyle society, though, these ultimately boil down to two forms of “capital,” as Bourdieu calls it: economic capital (land, domestic animals . ) and “symbolic capital” (family honor and prestige). In a society without a selfregulating market, it’s the latter that’s more generally useful, because one can use honor to get wealth much more easily than the other way around. On some level, what Bourdieu is saying is undeniably true. There is no area of human life, anywhere, where one cannot find self-interested calculation.
Since it soon became apparent that this was not true, anthropologists with Marxist sympathies were left with the choice of either violating the party line, or writing nonsense. Most avoided introducing Marxist theory into their work at all (usually a good idea anyway in pre-war Western universities, where Marxists were often persecuted). 1 The groundwork was laid by French anthropologists like Claude Meillaisoux and Maurice Godelier, but their ideas soon spread to England and America as well. The most important thing Marxist approaches introduced was a focus on production.
If anything, this shows the extent to which structuralism really has come to set the terms of debate. However primitive the models Kluckhohn actually produced, he did at least open up the possibility of looking at cultures as not 22 Toward an Anthropological Theory of Value just different ways of perceiving the world, but as different ways of imagining what life ought to be like—as moral projects, one might say. This was so far from the approaches most theorists were starting from that it seemed utterly irrelevant.
L'Anthropologie face aux problèmes du monde moderne by Claude Lévi-Strauss