By J. Russell Snapp
1st ed. 8vo. xii, 238 pp. close to excellent, tight, contents fresh, the covers have a few recognizing and backbone fade.
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1st ed. eightvo. xii, 238 pp. close to first-class, tight, contents fresh, the covers have a few recognizing and backbone fade.
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Additional resources for John Stuart and the Struggle for Empire on the Southern Frontier
Candler et al. (Atlanta, 190416, 197982), Vol. XXII, Pt. 2, pp. 108109 (hereafter cited as CRG); Proceedings of Georgia trustees, in CRG, V, 55859. 28. William Stephens' journal, September 19, 1738, July 7, August 16, 1740, in CRG, IV, 203, 611, 64142, respectively. 29 The Georgia president and assistants complained to the trustees about the power that "this monopolizing Company" wielded. By employing minor traders under their own licenses and by setting up stores in the Indian towns themselves, the partners had squeezed out their competitors.
As the tribe closest to Charles Town geographically and economically, Yamassees suffered the worst abuses. Despite the Yamassee men's service as hunters, burdeners, and military allies and the Yamassee women's role in preparing raw deerskins, Carolinians felt no obligation to them as their usefulness declined. By cheating them and getting them drunk, traders artificially inflated their debts to 100,000 deerskins. As their debts increased, the Yamassees could least afford to pay them. Cattle-raising settlers reduced the local deer population, and the supply of potential captives dwindled after decades of slave raids.
They may also have rejoiced that in Augusta they enjoyed virtual freedom from governmental supervision. Like South Carolina authorities, the new colony's provincial secretary, William Stephens, regarded the Augusta traders as dangerously autonomous: "Augusta consists of a lawless number of Indian Traders, all runaways from Carolina for debt, all 25. Merrell, Indians' New World, 81, 52; Crane, Southern Frontier, 141, 14951. 26. Merrell, Indians' New World, 8182, 66. "27 At first, it seemed that competition among Augusta traders would lead to chaos.
John Stuart and the Struggle for Empire on the Southern Frontier by J. Russell Snapp