By Junko Ito, Armin Mester
The sound trend of eastern, with its attribute pitch accessory approach and wealthy segmental alternations, has performed a big position in smooth phonology, from structuralist phonemics to present constraint-based theories. In eastern Morphophonemics Junko Ito and Armin Mester give you the first book-length remedy of imperative concerns in jap phonology from the viewpoint of Optimality Theory.In Optimality thought (OT), a generative grammar (including its phonological part) is equipped without delay at the usually conflicting calls for of alternative grammatical ideas and encompasses a particular type of optimization because the ability of resolving those conflicts. OT deals a brand new point of view from which to view a lot of the methods, alternations, and generalizations which are the conventional topic subject of phonology. utilizing the phonology of compounds as an analytical thread, Ito and Mester revisit crucial points of the sound development of eastern and post them to the rigor of OT. In pursuing either famous and less-explored concerns during this sector, they express that an optimality-theoretic process not just presents new strategies to previous puzzles but in addition indicates attention-grabbing new questions for either descriptive paintings and theoretical examine.
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Extra info for Japanese Morphophonemics: Markedness and Word Structure (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs)
By interacting with other elements of the phonology of Japanese, this basic constraint system regulating obstruent voicing gives rise to extended morphophonemic dissimilation e¤ects that will occupy us in chapter 4. 3 Distribution of Obstruent Voicing in Nonnative Strata As it stands, the analysis in (42) predicts a restricted distribution of obstruent voicing throughout the phonological lexicon of Japanese. In assessing the implications of this prediction, we are directly confronted with the fact that the lexicon of a natural language is usually divided into several layers or strata, with slightly di¤erent phonological (and other linguistic) properties.
Gage Ident No-D ** b. G kage * * c. G gake * * d. **! kake As in the Sanskrit case (see (33)), it is immaterial whether (43b) or (43c) (or, indeed, some third candidate) emerges as the overall winner as long as multiply voiced forms such as *gage (43a) have no chance to be selected as outputs, always being bested by some other candidate. On the other hand, a single instance of obstruent voicing within a morpheme, as in (44), survives intact because of the faithfulness-dominated lower section of the hierarchy in (42).
Voi þvoi þvoi þvoi Àson þson Àson þson V i a e u 2 * 6 6* 6 4* * C g b g d V a u a o C g d g g V3 i 7 a7 7 e5 u Glosses a. ‘persimmon’, ‘lid’, ‘betting’, ‘solve’ b. ‘key’, ‘label’, ‘shadow’, ‘sharpen’ c. ‘kid’, ‘pig’, ‘cli¤ ’, ‘poison’ d. 34 (39) Contrastive voicing Ident No-D This ensures that underlying voiced obstruents, as in huda ‘sign’ and gake ‘cli¤ ’, are faithfully preserved in the output (40). , by devoicing), a situation encountered in languages lacking a voicing contrast in obstruents, such as Hawaiian and Yokuts.
Japanese Morphophonemics: Markedness and Word Structure (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs) by Junko Ito, Armin Mester