By Mogens Niss (auth.), Mogens Niss (eds.)
This ebook is likely one of the first to try a scientific in-depth research of evaluation in arithmetic schooling in such a lot of its vital elements: it bargains with evaluation in arithmetic schooling from old, mental, sociological, epistmological, ideological, and political views. The publication relies on paintings awarded at an invited overseas ICMI seminar and comprises chapters via a workforce of remarkable and popular students within the box of arithmetic schooling.
in accordance with the remark of an expanding mismatch among the objectives and accomplishments of arithmetic schooling and favourite evaluation modes, the publication assesses overview in arithmetic schooling and its results. In so doing it will pay specific awareness to the necessity for and probabilities of assessing a wider diversity of skills than earlier than, together with figuring out, challenge fixing and posing, modelling, and creativity.
The booklet should be of specific curiosity to arithmetic educators who're curious about the position of evaluate in arithmetic schooling, specially as regards innovation, and to each person operating in the box of arithmetic schooling and similar parts: in R&D, curriculum making plans, evaluate associations and enterprises, instructor running shoes, and so forth.
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Extra info for Investigations into Assessment in Mathematics Education: An ICMI Study
A pupil who had been accepted into school should be observed for some months at play and in conversation, with the resulting personal record being reviewed at intervals by faculty members (Vives, 1531/1947, p. 568). Vives' proposal of the trial of wits probably influenced his compatriot Juan Huarte de San Juan (1575/1989) to write his Examen de ingenios para las ciencias [Examination of Wits] (cited in Watson, 1913, p. cxix). In this work, which has been termed "an early essay in behaviorism" (Read, 1981, p.
Competitive examinations were adopted as a means of selection not only for the civil service but also for the military and the university. The Rise of the Examination System In the medieval university, the form of examination was the public disputation, in which students demonstrated mastery of their subject by using standard texts or authorities to argue for or against a set position. As a student at the University of Paris from 1509 to 1512, Vives saw how artificial and hollow the disputations had become, as students engaged not in a collective search for truth but a display of individual power (Norefta, 1970, pp.
In the United States at about the same time, school superintendents, college professors, and college presidents began to press for reform in the examination system. Americans looked at the English system and worried that they were headed in the same direction: "Our leading educators, as in England, have already learned the lesson that the examination system has been overdone. " (Ferree, 1889, pp. 1-2) England seemed a poor example to follow. Robert W. Rogers (1889), a professor at Haverford College, observed that THE CHAIN AND THE ARROW 39 "it is a almost a truism, since the days of Matthew Arnold at least, that in Germany, the land of few examinations, scholarship has touched a mark far beyond that reached in England, where an examination begins everything and concludes everything" (p.
Investigations into Assessment in Mathematics Education: An ICMI Study by Mogens Niss (auth.), Mogens Niss (eds.)