Read e-book online Indians of the southeastern United States in the late 20th PDF

By J. Anthony Paredes

ISBN-10: 0817305343

ISBN-13: 9780817305345

Writing round a standard set of subject matters, Paredes and his colleagues survey American Indian groups nonetheless surviving within the southeastern usa a few 450 years after first touch with Europeans. regardless of concerted executive efforts within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries to take away them, dozens of groups that may be defined as "American Indian" continue to exist - from Virginia to Florida, from the Atlantic seaboard to the Louisiana bayous. even supposing many were studied ethnographically during the last century, this quantity is the 1st finished, scholarly paintings delivering co-ordinated descriptions of those southeastern Indian groups as they close to the shut of the twentieth century. North American Indians, even if a lot replaced, usually are not a "vanishing race" yet are thriving - certainly, no matter if culturally conservative or nearly totally acculturated, it really is of their very modernization that the Indian groups of the South such a lot dramatically appear their sturdy ability for precise patience. Contibutors contain - Helen C. Rountree, Sharlotte Neely, Patricia Barker Lerch, Wesley DuRant Tauchiray, Alice Bee Kasakoff, Gene Joseph Crediford, Harry A. Kersey, Jr., J. Anthony Paredes, John H. Peterson, Jr., Hiram F. Gregory and George Roth.

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There are also shop foremen and labor union officers (in several groups) and owners and operators of trucking firms (Chickahominy), logging contractors (United Rappahannock), and a construction company (Eastern Chickahominy). These jobs are more readily available in cities like Washington, Richmond, Newport News, Portsmouth, and Lynchburg. Thus many younger Indian people have moved to urban areas, until most of the Upper Mattaponi Indians live today in the Richmond area and most of the Nansemond Indians live in Portsmouth, Norfolk, or Virginia Beach.

The interior tribes were to be removedby economic inducement if possible, by chicanery if need be, or by force if all else failed. And, thus, the infamous "Trail of Tears" of the Great Removal. By the mid-nineteenth century, the bulk of the native population, numbering in the tens of thousands, had been removed to what is now Oklahoma. Their descendants live there still. This book is not about them. Despite what was one of the most massive relocations of human populations in history until the twentieth century, the Great Removal did not take all the native peoples of the Southeast.

The Pamunkey have quarterly tribal meetings with required attendance and more frequent council meetings that are closed to voters unless they have specific business to transact. On both reservations, the nonvoting women and outsiders (including non-Mattaponi husbands living at Mattaponi) can attend any of these meetings only by invitation when they have business to present. Meetings are conducted formally, using Robert's Rules of Order. The issues discussed in a meeting are not supposed to be broadcast, although somehow the whole tribe usually knows about them soon afterward.

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Indians of the southeastern United States in the late 20th century by J. Anthony Paredes

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