Download e-book for kindle: History of Philosophy, Volume 6: Modern Philosophy: From the by Frederick Copleston

By Frederick Copleston

ISBN-10: 0385470436

ISBN-13: 9780385470438

Conceived initially as a significant presentation of the improvement of philosophy for Catholic seminary scholars, Frederick Copleston's nine-volume A historical past Of Philosophy has journeyed some distance past the modest function of its writer to common acclaim because the top heritage of philosophy in English.
Copleston, an Oxford Jesuit of vast erudition who as soon as tangled with A.J. Ayer in a fabled debate concerning the exiatenceof God and the potential for metaphysics, knew that seminary scholars have been fed a woefully insufficient nutrition of theses and proofs, and that their familiarity with such a lot of history's nice thinkers was once lowered to simplistic caricatures. Copelston units out to redress the inaccurate via writing an entire heritage of Western philosophy, one crackling with incident and highbrow pleasure - and one who offers complete position to every philosopher, providing his notion in a fantastically rounded demeanour and displaying his hyperlinks to those that went prior to and to those that got here after them.

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Extra resources for History of Philosophy, Volume 6: Modern Philosophy: From the French Enlightenment to Kant

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CHAPTER II THE FRENCH ENLIGHTENMENT (2) The Encyclopaedia; Diderot and d'Alembert—Materialism; La Mettrie, d'Holbach and Cabanis—Natural history; Buffon, Robinet and Bonnet—The dynamism of Boscovich—The Physiocrats; Quesnay and Turgot—Final remarks. I. THE great literary repository of the ideas and ideals of the French Enlightenment was the Encylopidie, ou Dictionnaire raisonnd des arts et des mitiers. Suggested by a French translation of Chambers's Cyclopaedia or Dictionary, the Encyclopaedia was edited by Diderot and d'Alembert.

HI, 43. • Ibid. ' 1 Greatness of soul is thus morally indifferent in itself. When united with vice, it is dangerous to society (Vauvenargues mentions Cataline); but it is still greatness of soul. 'Where there is greatness, we feel it in spite of ourselves. The glory of conquerors has always been attacked; the people have always suffered from it, and they have always respected it. 2 It is not surprising that Nietzsche, with his conception of the higher man standing 'beyond good and evil', felt sympathy with Vauvenargues.

But it is necessary to understand what he meant by political liberty. First and foremost he had liberty of thought and expression in mind. In other words, he was primarily concerned with liberty for les philosophes, at least when they agreed with Voltaire. He was not a democrat in the sense of wishing to promote popular rule. True, he advocated toleration, which he thought to be necessary for scientific and economic progress; and he disliked tyrannical despotism. But he mocked at Rousseau's ideas about equality, and his ideal was that of a benevolent monarchy, enlightened by the influence of the philosophers.

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History of Philosophy, Volume 6: Modern Philosophy: From the French Enlightenment to Kant by Frederick Copleston

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