By John H. Rosser
The Byzantine Empire is usually ignored by means of Western students as an off-shoot of Greco-Roman culture, an jap empire of little value to Western ecu culture. yet Byzantium used to be fairly the one actual ecu empire of the center a while, the continuation of the Roman Empire within the East, lengthy after the sacking of Rome via the Vandals. it all started in 324 with the founding of Constantinople via the Christian emperor Constantine I. This urban turned the seat of the jap empire and the house and protector of Orthodox Christianity. It resulted in 1453 with the conquest of Constantinople by means of the Ottoman Turks. Byzantium left an everlasting legacy via its paintings, within the Orthodox church buildings, and in its successor states comparable to Russia, Greece, and Serbia. The Byzantine Empire, its beginnings, improvement, and fall are summarized in a chronology and defined within the creation. The dictionary then offers major humans (emperors, church leaders, generals, writers, etc.), occasions (wars, sieges, coups, councils and treaties) and critical cultural elements corresponding to economics, artwork, and faith. a considerable bibliography is integrated for extra reference in this huge empire.
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of Byzantium
770. ) in 1364. ) and Anchialos. ANCHORITE. ). ). ANCONA. ). ) in 551. ). ). ). One such merchant, Cyriacus of Ancona, wrote an account of his travels throughout Byzantine lands from 1412 to 1454. ANDREW OF CRETE. Saint and writer of hymns who lived from 660 to 740. ) that was richly developed in subsequent centuries. ANDRONIKOS I KOMNENOS. ) from 1183–1185, whose reign has remained controversial. ), from whose suspicions he ﬂed. He spent most of Manuel’s reign seeking refuge in the courts of Muslim and Russian princes.
Alexios II became a mere ﬁgurehead. ). After Andronikos Komnenos forced Alexios to condemn his mother to death, he had Alexios strangled in secret. His corpse was consigned to the sea. ALEXIOS III ANGELOS. ). ) was married to Irene, daughter of the deposed and blinded Isaac II. ]), a tribute demanded by Henry VI. ) arrived at Constantinople to restore Isaac II, Alexios III ﬂed the city. ) and forced to retire to a monastery. ALEXIOS III KOMNENOS. See PANARETOS, MICHAEL. ALEXIOS IV ANGELOS. ). ).
It was the object of many Arab attacks in the seventh and eighth centuries. ). ) conquered the city in 838, carrying away the entire population, an event that made a deep impression on contemporaries; recent archeological excavations have demonstrated how destructive the attack was. ) and art. AMORION DYNASTY. See AMORION. AMPHIPOLIS. See STRYMON. ANASTASIOS. ). ). After Constantine V regained power in 743 he humiliated Anastasios by having him whipped and led around naked astride a donkey.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium by John H. Rosser