By Krzysztof Nowicki
This publication offers an archaeological examine of Crete in transition from the Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age (c. 4000 to 3000 BC) in the broader South Aegean context. The examine, in line with the author's personal fieldwork, includes a gazetteer of over one hundred seventy websites. the fabric from those websites will instructed archaeologists in Greece, Turkey, and the center East to reassess their realizing of the basis of Bronze Age civilization within the Aegean.
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Extra info for Final Neolithic Crete and the Southeast Aegean
16) shut the eastern side of the isthmus and leave only a few passages, along the northern foothills of the Orne Mountains, via the Avgo–Bebonas pass, and along the southern coast. The Orne Mountains stretch parallel to the northern coast, and their northern lower slopes offer an abundance of water and arable land at a secure distance from the coast along the line of the modern villages of Lastros, Sfaka, Tourloti, Myrsini and Mouliana. 17). The West Siteia Mountains reach an altitude of 1476 m asl on the peak of Afendis Stavromenos and in general are difficult to enter from the lowlands around them.
Two islands deserve a special attention, these are Agathonisi on the northeastern edge of the Dodecanese, and Kastellorizo (Megisti), near Turkish Kaş. West of the Dodecanese lie the Cyclades, scattered over a large area. Due to their distribution they were geographically closer to the Greek mainland and Eubaia than to Crete and the Dodecanese. The Cyclades can be easily reached from the Dodecanese by three main sea-routes. The first leads from the northern group of the Dodecanese via Ikaria to Naxos or Mykonos, the second from Kalymnos and Leros via Amorgos, and the third via Astypalaia to Anafi, Thera, or to Amorgos.
The above dates indicate that Cyprus was visited by specialized (coastally-based) hunters at a time when sedentary life was already taking over in parts of the Near East, and herding and farming made their first steps. 24 Such a scenario indicates that a large amount of archaeological evidence from the coastal zone of the eastern Mediterranean is missing, since no comparable sites – potential starting bases of the Aetokremnos hunters – have yet been identified. This may be explained by the sea level changes which have taken place after the last glacial period.
Final Neolithic Crete and the Southeast Aegean by Krzysztof Nowicki