By National Research Council, Jack P. Shonkoff, Deborah Phillips, Bonnie Keilty
Read Online or Download Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field, Report of a Workshop (Compass Series (Washington, D.C.).) PDF
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Extra resources for Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field, Report of a Workshop (Compass Series (Washington, D.C.).)
The conditions found in Romanian orphanages are a contemporary exhibit. In both circumstances, carefully conducted studies have demonstrated the devastating impacts of early and severe deprivation. Conversely, extensive research has documented the remarkable resilience of young children, both with and without biologically based disabilities, and their capacity to recover from the developmental assault of institutionalization if an alternative environment is provided as early as possible. 16 Facilitators of Growth-Promoting Opportunities Parallel to the discussion on high-risk and clearly detrimental environments, workshop participants identified a number of community characteristics that have been shown to correlate positively with healthy child development.
As a service variable, the duration of an intervention has also been found to be associated with significant impacts. Workshop participants noted that several longitudinal studies concluded that children who received services from birth to age 8 showed the greatest positive outcomes, followed by birth to age 5, and then up to 3, thereby demonstrating the importance of long-term services. Finally, workshop participants agreed about the markedly uneven methodological quality of the vast evaluation literature on early intervention timing, intensity, and duration.
Participant attrition is a significant but rarely acknowledged challenge, particularly in programs for families dealing with serious social or economic problems. In an effort to minimize costs, successful demonstration projects that rely on sophisticated staff expertise are often “brought to scale” with less-well-trained and lower-paid personnel who do not have the skills to deal with the challenges they face. , maternal depression, parental substance abuse, family violence) that require either in-house expertise or access to specialized consultation, neither of which is routinely available in conventional early childhood programs.
Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field, Report of a Workshop (Compass Series (Washington, D.C.).) by National Research Council, Jack P. Shonkoff, Deborah Phillips, Bonnie Keilty