By Beat Kümin (auth.)
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Additional info for Drinking Matters: Public Houses and Social Exchange in Early Modern Central Europe
107 The volumes of alcohol publicans needed to sell to recoup their investments are staggering, particularly if staff and maintenance costs are added to the equation. Most illuminating, perhaps, is the comparison with wage levels. Hostelries without lands reached prices equivalent to between c. 3,000 and c. 10,000 days’ pay for labourers (roughly £101,850–£339,500 in present-day ﬁgures), those with landed holdings between c. 12,000 and c. 109 The consistent disparity between present-day equivalents of beverage prices and daily wages also suggests that alcohol was relatively more expensive in early modern Europe than it is today.
100 Many featured archways high enough to accommodate mounted travellers (and later stage-coaches). In the latter type, courtyards were lined with additional drinking/dining rooms, bedchambers (ideally accessible individually by means of covered galleries), various service buildings (kitchen, buttery, brewery, washing/baking/slaughter houses, tap rooms for carriers and servants, haystacks, stables, storage space, and so on) and sometimes independent shops. 103 At Perlach, a village just south-east of Munich (cf.
The great bulk of surviving evidence, of course, also clusters around the later phases. Second, the religious changes associated with the Reformation – a typical starting-point for the ‘early modern’ period – caused enormous upheaval in only superﬁcially ‘static’ societies, creating new identities, additional tensions and conditions conducive to accelerated state formation. Their repercussions for public houses will form Introduction 11 an important component of the comparative analysis of the two case studies.
Drinking Matters: Public Houses and Social Exchange in Early Modern Central Europe by Beat Kümin (auth.)