By John J. McCarthy
Chapter 1 An creation to Optimality idea (pages 1–29):
Chapter 2 the way to build an research (pages 30–136):
Chapter three easy methods to Write Up an research (pages 137–165):
Chapter four constructing New Constraints (pages 166–234):
Chapter five Language Typology and Universals (pages 235–259):
Chapter 6 a few present study Questions (pages 260–278):
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Extra info for Doing Optimality Theory: Applying Theory to Data
In other words, an active constraint knocks some loser out of the competition, accomplishing something that no higher-ranking constraint has managed to do. ], and no higher-ranking constraint does the same thing. ]. This is sometimes referred to as a fatal violation, since it knocks a candidate out of the competition for optimality. (11) Active *Cunsyll *Cunsyll a. a b. k? *! a] (see (12)). There is a higher-ranking constraint, *Cunsyll, but it isn’t active on this pair of candidates. (12) Active *V# *Cunsyll *V# a.
For example, tableau (7) presents an argument for ranking *Cunsyll above Dep in Yawelmani. The cells with W and L in row (b) tell us that these constraints conflict over the choice of the winner. For the winner to win, the constraint with the W must be ranked higher than the constraint with the L. That is exactly what we seek in a ranking argument. ilk-hin/ *Cunsyll a. hin b. hin Dep * *W L The combination tableau is also useful in determining whether the third condition on valid ranking arguments is met.
Formulating descriptive generalizations in the right way helps to avoid faulty analyses with types of constraints that are impossible in OT (like “delete word-final vowels,” which isn’t a constraint at all). ” I do not recommend using the word “repair” when formulating descriptive generalizations or otherwise talking about OT. It comes from a different theory of phonology, the Theory of Constraints and Repair Strategies (Paradis 1988a, 1988b). Repair is well-defined in that other theory, but it isn’t well-defined in OT.
Doing Optimality Theory: Applying Theory to Data by John J. McCarthy