By Edward J. Erickson
No serious research has ever tested the categorical purposes for the Ottoman defeat. Erickson's research fills this hole via learning the operations of the Ottoman military from October 1912 via July 1913, and via supplying a accomplished rationalization of its doctrines and making plans approaches. This booklet is written at an operational point that info each crusade on the point of the military corps. greater than 30 maps, various orders of conflict, and genuine Ottoman military operations orders illustrate how the Turks deliberate and fought their battles. Of specific word is the inclusion of the single exact heritage in English of the Ottoman X Corps' Sarkoy amphibious invasion. additionally integrated are definitive appendix approximately Ottoman army aviation and a precis of the Turks' efforts to include the teachings discovered from the battle into their army constitution in 1914.The Ottoman Empire fought the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913 opposed to the joint forces of Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia—and used to be decisively defeated. The Ottoman military is often depicted as a mob of poorly clad, faceless Turks inept of their makes an attempt to struggle a contemporary conflict. but via 1912, the Ottoman military, which was once developed at the German version, used to be in lots of methods extra complex than sure ecu armies.
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Extra resources for Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913
08 million were men aged twenty to twenty-five years old and another 4 million were men aged twenty-six to forty. However, the Ottoman General Staff believed that the empire could actually only count on 15 million Muslim citizens as reliable assets in wartime. This reduced figure accounted for the large populations of Bulgarians, Greeks, Serbs, Albanians, Armenians, and other minorities within the Ottoman Empire that were unlikely to support a war against the Christian Balkan states. 8 percent of its available Muslim manpower (280,000 men) but planned to mobilize an additional 450,000 men in wartime.
The commitment to the Greek border absorbed thirty infantry battalions, and the railroad security mission claimed a further eighteen. Twelve battalions were committed to the maintenance and security of the Thracian rail-roads, as well. These additional sixty battalions were not even counted in the computation of force ratios by the Ottoman General Staff, and they represented a huge drain on resources. The deployments and concentration of forces under this plan were similar to those of Plan Number 1.
Page_60 Page 61 sons, were in short supply (a single field artillery regiment required 400 animals to pull its guns and ammunition wagons). Medical detachments were usually only partially manned, and medical supplies were not sufficient. The transportation corps was short wagons and needed 47,834 reserve animals to meet wartime requirements. Engineer, pon-toon bridge, telegraph, wireless, and balloon detachments were similarly short on equipment, trained personnel, and animals. Food stockages were generally adequate although the daily rations were skimpy (perhaps only 80 percent of the caloric intake of a typical villager).
Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913 by Edward J. Erickson