By Anatol Stefanowitsch, Stefan Th. Gries
Cognitive Linguistics, the department of linguistics that attempts to ''make one's account of human language accord with what's mostly identified in regards to the brain and the brain,'' has turn into probably the most flourishing fields of up to date linguistics. The chapters tackle many vintage subject matters of Cognitive Linguistics. those subject matters contain reports at the semantics of particular phrases (including polysemy and synonymy) in addition to semantic features of specific syntactic styles / buildings (including constructional synonymy and the schematicity of constructions), the research of causatives, transitivity, and image-schematic features of posture verbs.
the foremost attribute of this quantity is that each one papers undertake the methodological viewpoint of Corpus Linguistics, the speedily evolving department of linguistics in response to the automatic research of language utilized in actual settings. therefore, the contributions don't in basic terms all offer quite a few new insights of their respective fields, additionally they introduce new info in addition to new corpus-based and quantitative equipment of study. at the foundation in their findings, the authors speak about either theoretical implications going well past the singular issues of the reports and convey how the self-discipline of Cognitive Linguistics can enjoy the rigorous research of naturally-occurring language. The languages that are investigated are English, German, Dutch, and Russian, and the knowledge come from a number of diverse corpora. As such, the current quantity can be of curiosity to quite a lot of students with many alternative foci and pursuits and may pave the best way for extra integration of usage-based strategies of study inside of this interesting paradigm.
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Extra resources for Corpora in Cognitive Linguistics: Corpus-Based Approaches to Syntax and Lexis
Janda and the editors of this volume for valuable comments on both the contents and presentation of this paper. The usual disclaimers apply. Of course, the absence of a specific pattern in a sufficiently large sample of the language does provide some support for the infelicity of that pattern. Yet, given that a representative (well-balanced and stratified) corpus of Russian is not (yet) available, I will not regard the low-frequency or absence of a pattern as negative evidence. Moreover, the large number of possibly low frequent verbs (of all 300 verbs that combine with an infinitive) makes it virtually impossible to approach this topic from a corpus-based point of view.
1999²: 385–390) shows that the argument- and event-structure possibilities and restrictions reveal the major semantic break between the four verbs, viz. the break between the concept expressed by sobirat’sja ‘intend, be about’, namerevat’sja ‘intend, mean’ and dumat’ ‘intend, think (of)’ on the one hand, and by planirovat’ ‘plan’ on the other hand. PLANNING refers to the full-fledged, independent activity of plotting future actions on a timeline whereas INTENDING is merely a (preparatory) state referring to the impulse to carry out an action that cannot exist independently of the action the subject intends to carry out (compare Levontina in Apresjan et al.
And we had to arrestIP INF you earlier, than weNOM had plannedIP FIN thatACC N SG’ In the majority of cases, it is sufficient to have one entity that is “scanned sequentially over conceived time” and “profiles interconnections” to build a full-fledged clause; that verb typically is (the) finite (verb). Verbs like planirovat’ ‘plan’ do not need another relational temporal process: the infinitive zaderživat’ ‘arrest’ can be subsumed under a pro-noun ơto ‘this’. Thus, planirovat’ ‘plan’ treats the infinitive or relational entity as any other non-relational entity it combines with.
Corpora in Cognitive Linguistics: Corpus-Based Approaches to Syntax and Lexis by Anatol Stefanowitsch, Stefan Th. Gries